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By using late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR) imaging, we compared left atrial late gadolinium enhancement (LA-LGE) quantification methods based on different references to characterize the left atrial wall in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Thirty-eight patients who underwent three-dimensional LGE-CMR imaging before(More)
We report a case about a 27-year-old healthy young male who developed syncope during exercise, which was subsequently identified to be attributable to non-sustained polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT). Occurrence of polymorphic VT was neither related to a prolonged QT interval nor a fixed short coupling interval. Standard examinations including(More)
PURPOSE To determine how mild hypothermia (34 degrees C) affects the hemodynamic and the stress hormonal responses intraoperatively and during extubation in patients undergoing cerebral aneurysm surgery. METHODS After induction, anesthesia was maintained with 1.2% isoflurane and 50% nitrous oxide. For the normothermia and the hypothermia groups, the body(More)
AIM It has been demonstrated that atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently recurred after cardioversion (CV) using direct current (DC) or radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in patients with persistent (PeAF) or longstanding persistent AF (LPAF). We hypothesized that the atrial substrate impeding successful CV would also produce difficulty in catheter(More)
UNLABELLED This study was performed to evaluate whether morphine could alter the degree of disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) caused by hyperosmolar mannitol. Under isoflurane anesthesia, rats in a control group were infused with 25% mannitol into the internal carotid artery before measuring the transfer coefficient (Ki) of(More)
A 0.035-inch guide wire fracture and entrapment in a peripheral artery is a very rare complication, but when it does occur it may lead to life-threatening complications, such as perforation, thrombus formation, embolization, and subsequent limb ischemia. We describe our experience of successfully retrieving a fractured 0.035-inch Terumo guide wire in the(More)
This study estimated the appropriate pollutant load reduction from point sources in Kwangyang Bay, Korea, using an eco-hydrodynamic model. The total chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrogen (TN), and phosphorus (TP) loads from rivers and ditches that provide input to the bay were approximately 2.8x10(4), 2.5x10(4), and 5.9x10(2) kg day-1, respectively.(More)
Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) has been used widely to treat patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. However, this method can induce various adverse events caused by necrosis of the tumor itself or damage to nontumor tissues. In particular, neurologic side effects such as cerebral infarction and paraplegia, although rare, may(More)
INTRODUCTION Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common manifestation in cases of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Catheter ablation (CA) for AF in patients with asymmetric septal HCM (SeHCM) is selectively effective and often needs a repeat procedure. Apical HCM (ApHCM) has a better prognosis than SeHCM. However, the outcome of CA for AF in patients with ApHCM(More)