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PURPOSE To evaluate whether proton MR spectroscopy (MRS) at 3 T with metabolite quantification is helpful for characterizing musculoskeletal lesions and to reveal whether the concentration of choline is correlated with the pathologic degree of malignancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS Three-tesla MR images and proton MRS data from 27 consecutive patients with(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy among men. Prostate cancer-related deaths are largely attributable to the development of hormone resistance in the tumor. No effective chemotherapy has yet been developed for advanced prostate cancer. It is desirable if a drug can be delivered directly and specifically to prostate cancer cells. Stem cells have(More)
The cytotoxic RNase, Onconase (ONC), isolated from amphibian oocytes, was used to study its effect on the radiation response in A549 human NSCLC in vitro and in vivo. In cell culture studies, we found that ONC increased the radiation response by ONC-induced inhibition of O2 consumption (QO2). The occurrence of apoptosis was increased by ONC and was(More)
AIM The goal of this study was to investigate the therapeutic potential of combining radiation therapy and cytotoxic RNase, ranpirnase (ONCONASE; ONC), in human lung tumor models in vitro and in vivo. As translational implications, the non-invasive monitoring response to individual therapy with ONC was also investigated to determine the underlying(More)
NADH:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is known to be involved in the regulation of energy synthesis and metabolism, and the functional studies of NQO1 have largely focused on metabolic disorders. Here, we show for the first time that compared to NQO1-WT mice, NQO1-KO mice exhibited a marked increase of permeability and spontaneous inflammation in the gut. In(More)
We recently demonstrated that the insect peptide CopA3 (LLCIALRKK), a disulfide-linked dimeric peptide, exerts antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities in a mouse colitis model. Here, we examined whether CopA3 inhibited activation of macrophages by LPS. Exposure of an unseparated mouse peritoneal cell population or isolated peritoneal macrophages to(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that the erythropoietin receptor (EpoR) is present on fibroblasts, where it regulates focal contact. Here, we assessed whether this action of EpoR is involved in the reduced cell adhesion observed in colonocytes exposed to Clostridium difficile toxin A. EpoR was present and functionally active in cells of the human colonic(More)
This paper describes the creation of new interfaces that extend traditional Korean music and dance. Specifically, this research resulted in the design of the eHaegum (Korean bowed instrument), eJanggu (Korean drum), and ZiOm wearable interfaces. The paper describes the process of making these new interfaces as well as how they have been used to create new(More)
We recently demonstrated that the antibacterial peptide, CopA3 (a D-type disulfide dimer peptide, LLCIALRKK), inhibits LPS-induced macrophage activation and also has anticancer activity in leukemia cells. Here, we examined whether CopA3 could affect neuronal cell proliferation. We found that CopA3 time-dependently increased cell proliferation by up to 31 ±(More)
We recently isolated a polypeptide from the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris that is structurally similar to defensin, a well-known antibacterial peptide. An 11-mer antibacterial peptide (NH2-RNRRWCIDQQA), designated Lumbricusin, was synthesized based on the amino acid sequence of the isolated polypeptide. Since we previously reported that CopA3, a dung(More)