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The ability to non-invasively image and characterize bacterial biofilms in children during nasopharyngeal colonization with potential otopathogens and during acute otitis media would represent a significant advance. We sought to determine if quantitative high-frequency ultrasound techniques could be used to achieve that goal. Systematic time studies of(More)
BACKGROUND There is no licensed vaccine for Moraxella catarrhalis (Mcat), which is a prominent bacterium causing acute otitis media (AOM) in children and lower respiratory tract infections in adults. Nasopharyngeal (NP) colonization caused by respiratory bacteria results in natural immunization of the host. To identify Mcat antigens as vaccine candidates,(More)
INTRODUCTION Moraxella catarrhalis is a prominent pathogen that causes acute otitis media in children and lower respiratory tract infections in adults, resulting in a significant socioeconomic burden on healthcare systems globally. No vaccine is currently available for M. catarrhalis. Promising M. catarrhalis target antigens have been characterized in(More)
Moraxella catarrhalis (Mcat) is a prominent mucosal pathogen causing acute otitis media (AOM). We studied Mcat nasopharyngeal (NP) colonization, AOM frequency and mucosal antibody responses to four vaccine candidate Mcat proteins: outer membrane protein (OMP) CD, oligopeptide permease (Opp) A, hemagglutinin (Hag), and Pilin A clade 2 (PilA2) from(More)
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a predominant organism of the upper respiratory nasopharyngeal microbiota. Its disease spectrum includes otitis media, sinusitis, non-bacteremic pneumonia and invasive infections. Protein-based vaccines to prevent NTHi infections are needed to alleviate these infections in children and vulnerable populations such(More)
Conserved Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) proteins are currently under investigation as vaccine candidates. We recently identified a subset of children prone to frequent acute otitis media (AOM) that we refer to as stringently-defined otitis prone (sOP). We investigated the synchrony of serum antibody responses against 5 Spn protein vaccine antigens, PhtD,(More)
BACKGROUND Moraxella catarrhalis (Mcat) is a frequent pathogen of acute otitis media (AOM) in young children. Here we prospectively assessed naturally-induced serum antibodies to four Mcat vaccine candidate proteins in stringently defined otitis prone (sOP) and non-otitis prone (NOP) children age 6-36months old following nasopharyngeal (NP) colonization, at(More)
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