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The 2009 swine-origin Influenza A virus subtype H1N1 (S-OIV) is generally believed to be a mixture of human, bird and swine viruses, resulting from multiple reassortments. The evolutionary origin of the S-OIV is of high interest but still remains obscure. In order to understand the evolution of the new virus, we performed sequence homology, segment(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common fatal malignancies but the molecular genetic basis of this disease remains unclear. By using genome-wide methylation profiling analysis, we identified CLDN3 as an epigenetically regulated gene in cancer. Here, we investigated its function and clinical relevance in human HCC. CLDN3 downregulation(More)
Anti-angiogenesis therapy is an emerging strategy for cancer treatment. This therapy has many advantages over existing treatments, such as fewer side effects, fewer resistance problems, and a broader tumor type spectrum. Integrin αvβ3 is a heterodimeric transmembrane glycoprotein that has been demonstrated to play a key role in tumor angiogenesis and(More)
BACKGROUND Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is extensively applied in gene cloning. But due to the existence of introns, low copy number of particular genes and high complexity of the eukaryotic genome, it is usually impossible to amplify and clone a gene as a full-length sequence directly from the genome by ordinary PCR based techniques. Cloning of cDNA(More)
P24 protein is the major core protein of HIV virus particle and has been suggested as a specific target for antiviral strategies. Recombinant p24 protein with natural antigenic activity would be useful for various studies, such as diagnostic reagents and multi-component HIV vaccine development. The aim of this study was to express and purify the p24 protein(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) is a unique glycosyltransferase involved in metabolic reprogramming. We investigated the functional role of OGT in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (NAFLD-HCC). METHODS The biological function of OGT in NAFLD-HCC was determined by gain- or loss- of OGT functional assays in(More)
A novel combined metal-free "CN" source from trimethylsilyl azide and 1,2-dichloroethane has been developed and successfully applied to copper-catalyzed oxidative cyanation of α-C-H tertiary amines for the synthesis of C1-cyanation tetrahydroisoquinoline derivatives with good to excellent yields for the first time.
Hemagglutinin (HA) is an important influenza virus surface antigen that is highly topical in influenza research. In the present study, the genes encoding the HA1 and HA2 proteins from the 2009 pandemic influenza virus H1N1 (A/California/04/2009(H1N1)) were cloned into a prokaryotic expression plasmid pCold-TF, and soluble fusion proteins containing H1N1 HA1(More)
A safe, potent and broad-spectrum antiviral is urgently needed to combat emerging respiratory viruses. In light of the broad antiviral activity of β-defensins, we tested the antiviral activity of 11 peptides derived from mouse β-defensin-4 and found that a short peptide, P9, exhibited potent and broad-spectrum antiviral effects against multiple respiratory(More)
Secretory IgA (SIgA) antibodies in external secretions play an important role in mucosal immune response. Polymeric SIgA was advantageous over monomeric IgA (mIgA) and IgG in several aspects. To express secretory IgA antibody against H5N1 virus, we constructed the secretory component and immunoglobulin J expressing plasmids and co-transfected the plasmids(More)