Daan van Knippenberg

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This study examined how the performance of diverse teams is affected by member openness to experience and the extent to which team reward structure emphasizes intragroup differences. Fifty-eight heterogeneous four-person teams engaged in an interactive task. Teams in which reward structure converged with diversity (i.e., “faultline” teams) performed more(More)
We examined how leader emotional displays affect team performance. We developed and tested the idea that effects of leader displays of anger versus happiness depend on followers’ epistemic motivation, which is the desire to develop a thorough understanding of a situation. Experimental data on four-person teams engaged in an interdependent team task showed(More)
Research on diversity in teams and organizations has revealed ambiguous results regarding the effects of group composition on work group performance. The categorization-elaboration model (van Knippenberg, De Dreu, & Homan, 2004) accounts for this variety and proposes two different underlying processes. On the one hand diversity may bring about intergroup(More)
a Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Department of Organisation and Personnel Management, Burgemeerster Oudlaan 50, 3062 PA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands b University of Amsterdam, Department of Social Psychology, Weesperplein 4, 1018 XA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands c University of Groningen, Department of Organizational Psychology,(More)
This study explores the role of intragroup dynamics in intergroup conflict. In a computer-mediated negotiation experiment (N = 107), we investigated how a group representative’s standing in the group, group norm, and the representative’s need to belong influence behavior in intergroup negotiations. We hypothesized that the extent to which peripheral(More)
Extending the growing interest in affect in work groups, we propose that groups with distributed information make higher quality decisions when they are in a negative rather than a positive mood, but that these effects are moderated by group members’ trait negative affect. In support of this hypothesis, an experiment (N = 175 groups) showed that positive(More)
Although evidence suggests that negative task and self-evaluations are associated with emotional exhaustion, little research has examined factors that buffer against these effects. We propose that perceived prosocial impact, the experience of helping others, compensates for negative task and self-evaluations by focusing attention on positive outcomes for(More)
The Information-and-Choice Questionnaire (ICQ) is an instrument for public opinion survey in which respondents are presented with a policy-relevant decision problem and provided with information relevant to the problem (e.g. information about the consequences of the policy options). In the present paper we study the effects of respondents' motivation(More)
In this study we argue that when powerholder and target operate in a cooperative context, the decision to use power is influenced by the motive to reach positive joint outcomes. When the context is competitive, the use of power is more dictated by the desire to gain positive outcomes at the expense of the target. Therefore, factors that are indicative of(More)