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We demonstrate the generation of sub-picosecond optical pulses using a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) and a linear polarizer placed in a ring-laser configuration. Nonlinear polarization rotation in the SOA serves as the passive mode-locking mechanism. The ring cavity generates pulses with duration below 800 fs (FWHM) at a repetition rate of 14 MHz.(More)
We use a new rate-equation model for the propagation of sub-picosecond polarized optical pulses in a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). This model is based on the decomposition of the polarized optical field into TE and TM components that interact via the gain saturation, and accounts for two-photon absorption, free-carrier absorption, self-and(More)
We present a theoretical study of unnested period-doubling islands in three-dimensional rate equations modeling a semiconductor laser subject to external optical injection. In this phenomenon successive curves of period doublings are not arranged in nicely nested islands, but intersect each other. This overall structure is globally organized by several(More)
We consider a model of two mutually delay-coupled semiconductor lasers in a face to face configuration. The lasers are coherently coupled via their optical fields, where the time delay τ arises from the finite propagation time of the light from one laser to the other. This system is described well by single mode rate equations, which are a system of delay(More)
We investigate an all-optical switch that is operated by the nonlinear phase-shift introduced by optical pulses with duration of 200 fs in a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOAs). The gate is made out of a commercially available InGaAsP–InGaAs multi-quantum-well (MQW) SOA placed in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer. We have measured the nonlinear phase-shift(More)
We report the first experimental observation of irregular picosecond light pulses within the coherence collapse of a semiconductor laser subject to delayed moderate optical feedback. This pulsing behavior agrees with the recent explanation of low frequency fluctuations as chaotic itinerancy with a drift. Theory and experiments show very good agreement.(More)
We show that a laser with a saturable absorber, described by the Yamada model, displays excitability just below threshold. A small perturbation, for example, a small input pulse, can trigger a single high output pulse, after which the system relaxes back to the off state. In order to study possible applications, such as pulse reshaping and clock recovery,(More)
An optically injected semiconductor laser can produce excitable multipulses. Homoclinic bifurcation curves confine experimentally accessible regions in parameter space where the laser emits a certain number of pulses after being triggered from its steady state by a single perturbation. This phenomenon is organized by a generic codimension-two homoclinic(More)
We report a new fundamental relation between the minima of the far-zone radiation pattern of a narrow slit in a metal plate and the location of phase singularities in the intermediate field. If a system parameter such as the wavelength is changed, a previously unappreciated singular optics phenomenon occurs: namely, the transition of a near-zone phase(More)