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Metabolic profiling of cancer cells has recently been established as a promising tool for the development of therapies and identification of cancer biomarkers. Here we characterized the metabolomic profile of human breast tumors and uncovered intrinsic metabolite signatures in these tumors using an untargeted discovery approach and validation of key(More)
Serum potentially carries an archive of important histological information whose determination could serve to improve early disease detection. The analysis of serum, however, is analytically challenging due to the high dynamic concentration range of constituent protein/peptide species, necessitating extensive fractionation prior to mass spectrometric(More)
Identification and quantitation of candidate biomarker proteins in large numbers of individual tissues is required to validate specific proteins, or panels of proteins, for clinical use as diagnostic, prognostic, toxicological, or therapeutic markers. Mass spectrometry (MS) provides an exciting analytical methodology for this purpose. Liquid Tissue MS(More)
Alterations in proteins abundance, structure, or function, act as useful indicators of pathological abnormalities prior to development of clinical symptoms and as such are often useful diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. The underlying mechanism of diseases such as cancer are, however, quite complicated in that often multiple dysregulated proteins are(More)
Uncertainty of pandemic influenza viruses continue to cause major preparedness challenges for public health policymakers. Decisions to mitigate influenza outbreaks often involve tradeoff between the social costs of interventions (e.g., school closure) and the cost of uncontrolled spread of the virus. To achieve a balance, policymakers must assess the impact(More)
The immunoglobulin (Ig) constant CH2 domain is critical for antibody effector functions. Isolated CH2 domains are promising as scaffolds for construction of libraries containing diverse binders that could also confer some effector functions. However, previous work has shown that an isolated murine CH2 domain is relatively unstable to thermally induced(More)
The discovery of effective cancer biomarkers is essential for the development of both advanced molecular diagnostics and new therapies/medications. Finding and exploiting useful clinical biomarkers for cancer patients is fundamentally linked to improving outcomes. Towards these aims, the heterogeneous nature of tumors represents a significant problem. Thus,(More)
Leukocyte recruitment to sites of infection or inflammation requires multiple adhesive events. Although numerous players promoting leukocyte-endothelial interactions have been characterized, functionally important endogenous inhibitors of leukocyte adhesion have not been identified. Here we describe the endothelially derived secreted molecule Del-1(More)
Intermittent interleukin-2 (IL-2) therapy has been shown to increase the number of CD4+ T cells, preferentially cells with a naive phenotype, in patients with HIV infection. For this report we investigated the mechanism underlying this expansion by studying the relative roles of peripheral expansion and thymic output. In a cohort of six patients receiving(More)