Learn More
Phenotypic modulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of a variety of proliferative vascular diseases. Recently, we have found that microRNA (miRNA) miR-145 is the most abundant miRNA in normal vascular walls and in freshly isolated VSMCs; however, the role of miR-145 in VSMC phenotypic modulation and(More)
Trauma/hemorrhagic shock (T/HS) is associated with significant lung injury, which is mainly due to an inflammatory process, resulting from the local activation and subsequent interaction of endothelial cells and leukocytes. Adhesion molecules expressed by both cell types play a crucial role in the process of neutrophil-mediated endothelial cell injury. We(More)
Studies in rodent models of trauma-hemorrhagic shock (T/HS) have shown that factors contained in the intestinal lymph are responsible for acute lung injury and bone marrow suppression, and that they contribute to a systemic inflammatory state. Because results observed in rodent T/HS models may not fully reflect the response of injured patients, it is(More)
Gut injury and loss of normal intestinal barrier function are key elements in the paradigm of gut-origin systemic inflammatory response syndrome, acute lung injury, and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). As hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1) is a critical determinant of the physiological and pathophysiological response to hypoxia and ischemia, we(More)
There is evidence suggesting that the ischemic gut is a major source of factors that lead to neutrophil activation, and that neutrophil activation can be reduced by hypertonic saline resuscitation. Thus, we tested whether trauma-hemorrhagic shock-induced neutrophil activation can be reduced by hypertonic saline resuscitation, as well as whether hypertonic(More)
BACKGROUND Gut-derived factors in intestinal lymph have been recently shown to cause lung injury, activate neutrophils, and injure endothelial cells in rats subjected to hemorrhagic shock (T/HS). However, the time course of the appearance and disappearance of these factors in intestinal lymph is unclear. Thus the goal of this study was to characterize the(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have shown that mesenteric lymph duct ligation prevents trauma-hemorrhagic shock-induced lung injury and neutrophil activation. Since endothelial cells rapidly express adhesion molecules, such as P-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1, after shock, and because trauma-hemorrhagic shock-induced lung injury appears to(More)
In both animal models of hemorrhagic shock and clinical settings, shock-induced gut ischemia has been implicated in the development of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome and distant organ injury, yet the factors transducing these events remain to be fully determined. Because hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1), a transcription factor composed of(More)
OBJECTIVE Since albumin has the ability to detoxify, we assessed whether low-dose albumin could protect against trauma/hemorrhagic shock (T/HS)-induced endothelial cell, lung, gut, and red blood cell (RBC) injury in vivo and endothelial cell injury in vitro. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA T/HS cause ischemic insult to the gut, resulting in the release of(More)
BACKGROUND Recognition of the limitations of standard crystalloid resuscitation has led to the search for alternative resuscitation strategies that might better limit the development of trauma-hemorrhage-induced organ dysfunction and systemic inflammation. Thus, the goal of this study was to compare the effects of two resuscitation strategies alone, and in(More)