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The association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and apolipoprotein C3 gene (APOC3) promoter region single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs2854117 and rs2854116 is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between other polymorphisms of APOC3 and NAFLD in Chinese. Fifty-nine liver biopsy-proven NAFLD patients(More)
AIM To investigate whether gut microbiota metabolite sodium butyrate (NaB) is an effective substance for attenuating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the internal mechanisms. METHODS Male C57BL/6J mice were divided into three groups, normal control were fed standard chow and model group were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 16 wk, the(More)
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is an epidemic metabolic disease with limited therapeutic strategies. Cumulative data support the pivotal role of gut microbiota in NASH. Here, we investigated the hypothesis regarding whether fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is effective in attenuating high-fat diet (HFD)-induced steatohepatitis in mice. Mice were(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease seen in patients with obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is an important predictor of the severe form of NAFLD, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and NASH patients with diabetes have an increased risk of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. With(More)
BACKGROUND Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine endopeptidase that is widely distributed in vivo, particularly in the liver. Significant changes in functional mitochondrial proteins involved with mitochondrial oxidoreductases/transporters and nucleic acid binding proteins were observed after POP inhibition in the liver, which suggested a role of POP in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Enterohepatic immunologic derangement is associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Here, we investigated whether Clostridium butyricum B1 (CB) would be an effective immune-targeted substance to attenuate steatohepatitis in mice. METHODS Thirty mice were randomized into a control group fed with common forage, a high-fat diet (HFD)(More)
Galanin is an endogenous factor involved in the negative regulation of the biological effects of leptin in bioenergetic metabolism. Leptin promotes fibrogenic effects in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), however, little is known about the effects of galanin on HSCs. In the present study, the biological functions of galanin and its receptors (GalRs) in HSCs(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine endopeptidase widely distributed in vivo with high activity in the liver. However, its biological functions in the liver have remained largely elusive. A previous study by our group has shown that POP produced N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (AcSDKP) and thereby exerted an anti-fibrogenic effect on hepatic(More)
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