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The histogenesis of amacrine cells expressing corticotropin releasing factor-like immunoreactivity (CRF-LI) was examined in the rat retina by incorporating [3H]thymidine autoradiography and immunohistochemistry. Our results indicate that, during the period of amacrine cell generation, the population of CRF-LI amacrine cells are generated within a window of(More)
A number of studies have indicated that 8p22-p12 is likely to harbor schizophrenia susceptibility loci. In this region, the candidate gene of interest, neuregulin 1 (NRG1), may play a role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Then in the present study, we performed the linkage disequilibrium to determine the association between three genetic variants(More)
In the retina of a variety of vertebrate species, a monoclonal antibody against protein kinase C (PKC) has been shown to label preferentially bipolar cells. Although the functional consequences of PKC activation in these cells is yet to be revealed, the present study was motivated in part by the possibility that the antibody might be used as a selective(More)
The tripartite model of memory proposed the requirement of attentional switching when accessing different items in working memory [J. Exp. Psychol. Learn. Mem. Cogn. 27 (2001) 817]. This internal focus of attention is limited to just one item and the switching process is time-consuming [Mem. Cogn. 26 (1998) 263]. In the current study, given a three-digit(More)
Substance-P-like immunoreactivity (SP-LI) cells in the Long-Evans rat retina were investigated by combining immunohistochemistry with [3H]thymidine autoradiography. Two subpopulations of SP-LI amacrine cells, with cell bodies in either the proximal portion of the inner nuclear layer (INL) or the ganglion cell layer (GCL), were identified based on(More)
This study describes a phenomenon of transient expression of corticotropin releasing factor-like immunoreactivity (CRF-LI) in immature horizontal cells of the developing rat retina. These cells could be distinguished from those destined to become CRF-LI amacrine cells in the adult by their location within the outer portion of the neuroblastic layer (NBL)(More)
The postnatal development of the corticotropin releasing factor-like immunoreactive (CRF-LI) amacrine cells was investigated in the Long-Evans rat retina. The pattern of development of CRF-LI cells was studied by immunohistochemistry, their cell number and density throughout the first two weeks of postnatal development were analyzed, and correlative(More)
Primacy and recency effects refer to the better performance or shorter response time on the first and last items than the middle ones of a memory list. In order to investigate its neural basis in auditory short-term memory, event-related fMRI was used to measure brain activities when subject was recalling the first, the last, or the middle items. Recalling(More)
BACKGROUND Investigating the responses of autonomic nervous system (ANS) in hypoxia may provide some knowledge about the mechanism of neural control and rhythmic adjustment. The integrated cardiac and respiratory system display complicated dynamics that are affected by intrinsic feedback mechanisms controlling their interaction. To probe how the cardiac and(More)
RATIONALE Recruited leukocytes play an important role in ventilator-induced lung injury, although studies have focused predominantly on neutrophils. Inflammatory subset Gr-1(high) monocytes are recruited to sites of inflammation and have been implicated in acute lung injury induced by systemic endotoxin. OBJECTIVES To investigate the recruitment and role(More)