Learn More
• Vacuolar processing enzyme (VPE), a cysteine protease, has been intensively studied in plant hypersensitive cell death, but the role and molecular mechanism of VPEs in response to abiotic stresses remain unclear. This work investigated the involvement of VPEs in Arabidopsis response to heat stress. • Under heat shock (HS), Arabidopsis VPE activity and the(More)
The possibility of performing fast and small-volume nucleic acid amplification and analysis on a single chip has attracted great interest. Devices based on this idea, referred to as micro total analysis, microfluidic analysis, or simply 'Lab on a chip' systems, have witnessed steady advances over the last several years. Here, we summarize recent research on(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), a vital cell-signalling molecule, has been reported to regulate toxic metal responses in plants. This work investigated the effects of NO and the relationship between NO and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) programmed cell death (PCD) induced by cadmium (Cd(2+) ) exposure. With fluorescence(More)
One of the most important functions of blue light (BL) is to induce chloroplast movements in order to reduce the damage to the photosynthetic machinery under excess light. Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), which is commonly generated under various environmental stimuli, can act as a signalling molecule that regulates a number of developmental processes and(More)
Low-power laser therapy in medicine is widespread but the mechanisms are not fully understood. It has been suggested that low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) could induce photochemical reaction and activate several intracellular signaling pathways. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are considered to be the key secondary messengers produced by LPLI. Here, we(More)
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that undergo continual fusion and fission to maintain their morphology and functions, but the mechanism involved is still not clear. Here, we investigated the effect of mitochondrial oxidative stress triggered by high-fluence low-power laser irradiation (HF-LPLI) on mitochondrial dynamics in human lung adenocarcinoma(More)
Recent studies have suggested that aluminium (Al) induces programmed cell death (PCD) in plants. To investigate possible mechanisms, fluorescence techniques were used to monitor the behaviour of mitochondria in vivo, as well as the activation of caspase-3-like activity during protoplast PCD induced by Al. A quick burst of mitochondrial reactive oxygen(More)
Forkhead box O (FOXO) transcription factors play an important role in physiological and pathological processes. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and protein kinase B (Akt) can phosphorylate FOXO and cause its degradation or cytoplasmic retention, respectively, leading to tumorigenesis. In addition, C-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) can(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic heavy metal that causes changes in plant metabolism through inhibiting photosynthesis and respiration. The effects of Cd on the morphology and function of the chloroplast and mitochondria, as well as on the production and localization of ROS (reactive oxygen species), were studied at the single-cell(More)
Recent studies have suggested that ultraviolet-C (UV-C) overexposure induces programmed cell death (PCD) in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh, and this process includes participation of caspase-like proteases, DNA laddering as well as fragmentation of the nucleus. To investigate possible early signal events, we used microscopic observations to monitor in vivo(More)