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• Vacuolar processing enzyme (VPE), a cysteine protease, has been intensively studied in plant hypersensitive cell death, but the role and molecular mechanism of VPEs in response to abiotic stresses remain unclear. This work investigated the involvement of VPEs in Arabidopsis response to heat stress. • Under heat shock (HS), Arabidopsis VPE activity and the(More)
Low power laser irradiation (LPLI) promotes proliferation of multiple cells, which (especially red and near infrared light) is mainly through the activation of mitochondrial respiratory chain and the initiation of cellular signaling. Recently, the signaling proteins involved in LPLI-induced proliferation merit special attention, some of which are regulated(More)
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that undergo continual fusion and fission to maintain their morphology and functions, but the mechanism involved is still not clear. Here, we investigated the effect of mitochondrial oxidative stress triggered by high-fluence low-power laser irradiation (HF-LPLI) on mitochondrial dynamics in human lung adenocarcinoma(More)
Autophagy and apoptosis play important roles in the development, cellular homeostasis and, especially, oncogenesis of mammals. They may be triggered by common upstream signals, resulting in combined autophagy and apoptosis. In other instances, they may be mutually exclusive. Recent studies have suggested possible molecular mechanisms for crosstalk between(More)
Recent studies have suggested that aluminium (Al) induces programmed cell death (PCD) in plants. To investigate possible mechanisms, fluorescence techniques were used to monitor the behaviour of mitochondria in vivo, as well as the activation of caspase-3-like activity during protoplast PCD induced by Al. A quick burst of mitochondrial reactive oxygen(More)
Recent studies have suggested that ultraviolet-C (UV-C) overexposure induces programmed cell death (PCD) in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh, and this process includes participation of caspase-like proteases, DNA laddering as well as fragmentation of the nucleus. To investigate possible early signal events, we used microscopic observations to monitor in vivo(More)
Methyl jasmonate (MeJa) is a well-known plant stress hormone. Upon exposure to stress, MeJa is produced and causes activation of programmed cell death (PCD) and defense mechanisms in plants. However, the early events and the signaling mechanisms of MeJa-induced cell death have yet to be fully elucidated. To obtain some insights into the early events of this(More)
NF-kappaB activation is known to reduce the efficiency of chemotherapy in cancer treatment. Ursolic acid, a minimally toxic compound, has shown the capability to inhibit NF-kappaB activation in living cells. Here, for the first time, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of NF-kappaB inhibition by ursolic acid on chemotherapy treatment (Taxol or(More)
One of the most important functions of blue light (BL) is to induce chloroplast movements in order to reduce the damage to the photosynthetic machinery under excess light. Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), which is commonly generated under various environmental stimuli, can act as a signalling molecule that regulates a number of developmental processes and(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), a vital cell-signalling molecule, has been reported to regulate toxic metal responses in plants. This work investigated the effects of NO and the relationship between NO and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) programmed cell death (PCD) induced by cadmium (Cd(2+) ) exposure. With fluorescence(More)