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Carboxylesterases (CES) constitute a class of hydrolytic enzymes that play critical roles in drug metabolism and lipid mobilization. Previous studies with a large number of human liver samples have suggested that the inducibility of carboxylesterases is inversely related with age. To directly test this possibility, neonatal (10 days of age) and adult mice(More)
Low-dose (LD) chemotherapy is a promising treatment strategy that may be improved by controlled delivery. Polyethylene glycol-stabilized bilayer-decorated magnetoliposomes (dMLs) have been designed as a stimuli-responsive LD chemotherapy drug delivery system and tested in vitro using Huh-7 hepatocellular carcinoma cell line. The dMLs contained hydrophobic(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a potent, pleiotropic cytokine that plays a central role in host defense and acute inflammatory responses, exhibiting pro- and anti-inflammatory activities. However, little is known about the effect of acupuncture on IL-6 in inflammatory responses caused by cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. The objective of present study was to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate a animal model of spinal cord injury in different degrees of impact. METHODS A new weight-drop device was designed with the character of controlled degree of impact and time. After thirty-five rats underwent different degrees of impact, their motor function and pathological changes were observed. RESULTS In control group, the(More)
Z-Guggulsterone is a major ingredient in the Indian traditional hypolipidemic remedy guggul. A study in mice has established that its hypolipidemic effect involves the farnesoid X receptor (FXR), presumably by acting as an antagonist of this receptor. It is generally assumed that the antagonism leads to induction of cytochrome P450 7A1 (CYP7A1), the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE For four decades, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has been a major anti-cancer medicine. This drug is increasingly used with other anti-cancer agents such as irinotecan. Irinotecan and many others such as PPD (pentyl carbamate of p-aminobenzyl carbamate of doxazolidine) require activation by carboxylesterase-2 (CES2). 5-FU, on the other hand,(More)
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