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Cobra cardiotoxin, a cytotoxic beta-sheet basic polypeptide, is known to cause membrane leakage in many cells including human erythrocytes. Herein, we demonstrate that the major cobra cardiotoxin from Naja atra, CTX A3, can cause leakage of vesicle contents in phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and phosphatidylserine containing, but not in pure phosphatidylcholine(More)
Gold nanorods emit strong photoluminescence under two photon excitation; the efficient two photon lumininescence (TPL) arises from the local field enhancement assisted by surface plasmons. The surface plasmon effects on the TPL efficiency and spectrum are investigated by measuring the TPL of gold nanorods with various aspect ratios. A large TPL efficiency(More)
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is a label-free, highly-sensitive, and real-time sensing technique. Conventional SPR sensors, which involve a planar thin gold film, have been widely exploited in biosensing; various miniaturized formats have been devised for portability purposes. Another type of SPR sensor which utilizes localized SPR (LSPR), is based on(More)
Tip-enhanced fluorescence of localized DNA replication by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a potential way to observe real-time biological reaction confined in nanometer scale. We successfully coated Bst polymerase on the apex (~100 nm) of an atomic force microscope (AFM) tip and performed localized LAMP reaction of hepatitis B virus (HBV).(More)
A tip nanobiosensor for monitoring DNA replication was presented. The effects of excitation power and polarization on tip-enhanced fluorescence (TEF) were assessed with the tip immersed in fluorescein isothiocyanate solution first. The photon count rose on average fivefold with radially polarized illumination at 50 mW. We then used polymerase-functionalized(More)
Owing to the highly efficient two-photon fluorescence of gold nanorods and very short fluorescence lifetime compared with the rotational correlation time, the rotation and diffusion of a single gold nanorod can be easily observed by two-photon fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (TP-FCS). This property, along with the previous successful use as a contrast(More)
Optical detection has long been the most popular technique in immunosensing. Recent developments in the synthesis of luminescent probes and the fabrication of novel nanostructures enable more sensitive and efficient optical detection, which can be miniaturized and integrated with microfluidics to realize compact lab-on-a-chip immunosensors. These(More)
We experimentally and theoretically study the density-dependent optical properties of 20 nm gold nanoparticle monolayers on silicon at 530 nm. Both results indicate a density-dependent resonance behavior. The density-dependent resonance suggests that the optical properties of the gold nanoparticle monolayers can be drastically modulated by changing the(More)
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