DR Parks

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Flaviviruses comprise a diverse family of viruses that are cumulatively responsible for hundreds of millions of cases of infection annually. The Flavivirus genus includes both insect-vectored viruses, such as yellow fever and dengue, and non-vectored viruses such as HCV; the viruses have a broad range of disease presentation and geographic distribution. No(More)
After adoptive transfer, the spleen cells from mice made tolerant to human gamma-globulin (HGG) specifically suppress the immune response of normal spleen cells. However, this suppressive activity in the spleen cells of tolerant mice is only present for a brief period after treatment with tolerogen. Spleen cells from animals injected 10 days earlier with(More)
A model of unresponsiveness to human gamma-globulin (HGG) which is maintained in the absence of demonstrable suppressor cells has been described. A/J mice were tolerized with deaggregated HGG purified from a variety of sources. The spleen cells from these tolerized mice were assessed for their ability to suppress the response of normal spleen cells to HGG(More)
The advent of site-directed serology has provided a specific and simplified means of distinguishing antibody responses to the two types of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in an outbred population. Remarkably, human sera containing HIV antibodies and simian sera containing simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) antibodies had a very narrow amino acid(More)
Infection of A/J mice with Trypanosoma cruzi results in the polyclonal activation of B lymphocytes in vivo as assessed by the spontaneous plaque-forming cell (PFC) response to trinitrophenyl and to goat, equine, and sheep erythrocytes. The peak response to these antigens is found at 5 to 6 days of infection. Additionally, a polyclonal response to syngeneic(More)
Gastric administration of human gamma-globulin (HGG) into adult A/J mice leads to the establishment of an antigen-specific unresponsive state to subsequent parenteral challenge with HGG. An unresponsive state is induced in both helper T and B lymphocyte populations. Unresponsiveness in helper T cells is of longer duration than in B cells, lasting at least 9(More)
Antibody responses to commonly used antigens are regulated by an epitope- specific system composed of Igh-restricted elements responsible for controlling the isotype and allotype responses mounted to each of the epitopes on the antigen. Because these elements can be independently induced to either suppress or support antibody production, this system as a(More)
The injection of deaggregated human gamma-globulin (DHGG) into mice results in the establishment of specific immunologic unresponsiveness in T and B lymphocytes. However, the additional injection of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 3 hr later converts the tolerogenic DHGG into an immunogen for both helper T and B cells. This generation of immunocompetence(More)