DPM Tori N . Simmons - Lewis

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To determine whether the amino acid pattern of human milk is unique, we compared the amino acid pattern of human milk with the amino acid patterns of the milks of great apes (chimpanzee and gorilla), lower primates (baboon and rhesus monkey) and nonprimates (cow, goat, sheep, llama, pig, horse, elephant, cat and rat). Amino acid pattern was defined as the(More)
The hypothesis was tested that resveratrol, a compound in red wine, would inhibit atherosclerotic development in rabbits fed 0.5% cholesterol for 60 days. Rabbits were supplemented with or without oral resveratrol. During the study, body weights and food consumption were similar for the two groups. The lack of differences between liver weights and a series(More)
We tested, with 14-wk-old baboons before weaning, the hypothesis that bile acid metabolism is differentially affected by breast feeding or by feeding formulas with a high polyunsaturated:saturated fatty acid ratio or with a low ratio, similar to that of breast milk. Bile lipid content, bile acid pool size, fractional turnover rate, synthetic rate and(More)
We tested the hypothesis that breast and formula feeding differentially affect hepatic mRNA concentrations for LDL receptor (LDL-R) and apolipoproteins A-I, B and E in infant baboons during the preweaning period. The mRNA concentrations were measured in liver biopsies obtained prior to weaning at 14 weeks from 43 baboons that were either breast-fed (n = 17)(More)
We examined the effects of breast and formula feeding during infancy on the serum lipoproteins and on atherosclerosis in young adult baboons. Baboons were breast-fed (n = 13) or formula-fed (n = 32) until weaning at 16 weeks of age and thereafter they were fed a diet containing 1.7 mg cholesterol/kcal and 40% of calories as lard until 5 years of age. At 12(More)
Using the baboon as a model, we tested the hypothesis that preweaning food intake influences the number of adipocytes at weaning. Two groups of 12 newborn baboons each were fed either a concentrated or a diluted Similac formula from birth to 18 weeks of age. Baboons fed the concentrated Similac were 38% heavier (P less than 0.01) and had 87% more fat mass(More)
Zymogen granule membranes from the rat exocrine pancreas displays distinctive, simple protein and glycoprotein compositions when compared to other intracellular membranes. The carbohydrate content of zymogen granule membrane protein was 5-10-fold greater than that of membrane fractions isolated from smooth and rough microsomes, mitochondria and a(More)
We estimated the effects of breast- and formula-feeding on cholesterol and bile acid metabolism for 1.5 years after weaning in 35 newborn baboons that were breast-fed (n = 12) or fed one of two formulas with high (n = 11) or low (n = 12) polyunsaturated/saturated (P/S) fatty acid composition. Infants were weaned at 15 weeks to a high cholesterol, saturated(More)
We determined the effect of estrogen and progesterone on plasma cholesterol and lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations and on arterial lesions in 24 ovariectomized and hysterectomized baboons fed a high-cholesterol/high-saturated-fat diet. These baboons were divided into four groups: untreated control (C); estrogen, 100 micrograms/kg/week injected i.m. (E);(More)