DPM Michael Bowen

Learn More
Indices of presynaptic serotonergic nerve endings were assayed in neocortical biopsy samples from patients with histologically verified Alzheimer's disease. The concentrations of 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, serotonin uptake, and K+-stimulated release of endogenous serotonin were all found to be reduced below control(More)
Multiple neurotransmitter deficits found in recent autopsy studies of patients with Alzheimer's disease may militate against the success of "simple cholinergic replacement" as treatment. To study acetylcholine synthesis, we measured the incorporation of radiolabeled glucose into the transmitter in temporal-cortex specimens obtained at diagnostic craniotomy(More)
Presynaptic serotonergic markers, serotonin uptake sites, and concentrations of serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid were studied in the frontal and temporal cortex of 20 community-acquired cases of Alzheimer's disease and 16 controls matched for age, sex, postmortem delay, and storage. Clinical assessments, including behavioural symptoms, of the(More)
We have examined the choline acetyltransferase [CAT] activity in autopsy samples of frontal and temporal lobe cortex from 47 patients (31 with Alzheimer's disease, 4 with dementia due to cerebrovascular disease and 12 undemented controls) and compared it with the severity of dementia during life and with the numbers of argyrophilic plaques and(More)
Cell counts have been performed on cholinergic subcortical nuclei, dorsal raphe nucleus, and locus caeruleus from up to 18 cases of Alzheimer's disease and 10 age-matched control subjects. In general, the extent of cell loss in these structures was similar. In the basal nucleus the anteromedial subdivision was the least, and the posterior subdivision the(More)
1. We have investigated an aspect of the regulation of cortical pyramidal neurone activity. Microdialysis was used to assess whether topical application of drugs (in 10 microliter) to fill a burr hole over the frontal cortex, where part of the corticostriatal pathway originates, would change concentrations of the excitatory amino acids glutamate and(More)
The concentration of the inhibitory neurotransmitter, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), was measured in the cerebral cortex obtained at diagnostic craniotomy from 10 patients with Alzheimer's disease of 3 yrs mean duration and 6 patients with other causes of dementia, and from 31 subjects undergoing other neurosurgical procedures (for which removal of(More)
The extent and distribution of biochemical abnormalities thought to reflect disorders of subpopulations of neurons have been determined in the cerebral cortex from brains of patients with Alzheimer-type dementia and depressive illness who died of natural causes. In dementia, loss of gray matter from areas of the parietal and temporal lobes is most obvious.(More)
Fifty-six brains from middle-aged and elderly normal as well as demented subjects and patients with provisional clinical diagnosis of other neurological and psychiatric diseases were assessed histologically. On this basis the specimens were classified into 14 diagnostic groups. A survey of potential indices of specific neurons has been carried out on these(More)