DP Nicholls

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Studies on the distribution of peptides in human tissues have been made either by measuring responses to localized stimuli or by subjecting extracts of different regions to radioimmunoassay (RIA). Attempts at isolating regulatory peptides from the mammalian tissues have resulted in the isolation of many bioactive fragments. Later, modification of initial(More)
BACKGROUND Resection is the treatment of choice for lung cancer, but may cause impaired cardiopulmonary function with an adverse effect on quality of life. Few studies have considered the effects of thoracotomy alone on lung function, and whether the operation itself can impair subsequent exercise capacity. METHODS Patients being considered for lung(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) are increased in patients with ventricular dysfunction and could have a diagnostic role in heart failure. ANP may be unstable after collection, however, limiting any practical diagnostic role. METHODS Blood samples were obtained from 18 patients with various conditions. Aliquots were(More)
Coeliac disease in adults usually presents with gastrointestinal symptoms,' but has rarely been recognised as a cause of infertility.2,3 We report a case in which the institution of a gluten-free diet was followed by successful pregnancy. CASE HISTORY A 21-year-old female presented to the Mater Infirmorum Hospital in 1983. She had been married for two years(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a peptide amide containing 28 amino acids which was first isolated from the intestine and is distributed over the entire body but primarily in the nervous system. It is released in response to the electrical stimulation of nerve fibres, stimulation of the vagus, prostaglandin E1, oxytocin, operation stress,(More)
Plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide immunoreactivity (irANP) and brain natriuretic peptide immunoreactivity (irBNP) in elderly normal subjects (mean age 71.1, range 66-81 years, n = 10) were examined before (rest), during (peak of exercise) and after (3 min, 6 min) a treadmill exercise test (modified Bruce protocol). An attempt was also made(More)
To determine whether seven days oral D-ribose would improve exercise tolerance in a group of 5 patients with McArdle's disease, we performed a double blind placebo controlled crossover trial. Subjects performed weekly treadmill exercise tests with expired gas analysis until their times were reproducible. They then received 60 g D-ribose daily or placebo for(More)
To determine the effect of minimal exercise on functional fitness following total hip replacement in elderly women, 20 women (13 exercisers, 7 controls) who had undergone unilateral or bilateral hip replacement surgery for primary osteoarthritis were studied. An exercise treadmill test with respiratory gas and blood lactate analyses, and a field test of(More)
Adrenomedullin may provide a compensatory mechanism to attenuate left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Nitric oxide synthase inhibition, induced by chronic administration of N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) to rats, induces cardiac hypertrophy in some, but not all cases; there are few reports of direct assessment of cardiomyocyte parameters.(More)
A 55-year-old woman with a history of excess alcohol intake presented to the acute medical unit following concerns regarding her electrolyte disturbances. During correction of the electrolytes, the patient developed central pontine myelinolysis. The unusual features in the case were the absence of hyponatraemia which is usually associated with central(More)