DM Cheța

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It has been questioned whether aiming at near-normoglycaemia by intensified insulin treatment regimens is feasible and safe for the majority of patients with insulin-dependent diabetes. In this study, intensified insulin injection therapy (including blood glucose self-monitoring and multiple insulin injections) based upon a 5-day inpatient group teaching(More)
Cytochemical study of peripheral lymphocytes in 78 diabetic patients and 22 controls included the determination of glycogen (with calculation of the "glycogen score"), lipids and nucleolar RNA (with calculation of the so-called "lymphocyte nucleologram"). All three metabolic components showed marked differences between the diabetes and the controls. Further(More)
A clinical-psychological study was carried out in 224 insulin-dependent diabetic patients, distributed into two groups according to the frequency of hypoglycemic episodes. Group. A included 124 patients, 65 men and 59 women (mean age 35 +/- 18 years), who reported frequent episodes of hypoglycemia (HG). In the 100 patients of group B (46 men and 54 women(More)
The blood glucose and plasma insulin responses to some simple carbohydrates (glucose, fructose, lactose) and some complex ones (apples, potatoes, bread, rice, carrots and honey) were studied in 32 Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients. Blood glucose and plasma insulin were measured at zero time and then at 15, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min after(More)
  • D Cheţa
  • 1998
Much of our present knowledge concerning the etiopathogenesis, treatment and prevention of human diabetes would never have been acquired without the study of animal models of diabetes. The main models of IDDM may be divided into two groups: induced (through pancreatectomy, chemicals such as alloxan and streptozotocin, viruses and others) and spontaneous(More)
Hyperglycaemia leads to ROS (Reactive oxygen species) generation, affecting the cells that cannot decrease glucose uptake such as: glomerular epithelial cells, mesangial cells and proximal tubule cells. ROS excess seems to activate important pathogenic pathways of development of diabetic nephropathy. The decrease of CAT activity, one of the most important(More)
The loss of sensitivity to nociceptive stimuli is one of the main factors involved in the pathogeny of diabetic gangrene. The aim of this study was to develop a simple and practical method for selecting the cases prone to such a complication. The perception threshold (either voltage, mV or current, microA) was determined in 137 randomly selected diabetic(More)
The genetic characteristics of the diabetic types have been assessed by following up their frequency in first degree relatives of some non-selected diabetic patients, registered at eight different centers of the country. Out of 1,003 non-diabetic controls only 46 (4.6%) had 52 diabetic relatives, 65.4% of type 2 (non-insulin-dependent). Comparatively, out(More)
Vanadium has been shown to be beneficial in the oral treatment of animal models of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The aim of the study was to evaluate the short-term effects of sodium metavanadate in prediabetic BB-DP rats. To do this, 96 rats were divided into 4 equal groups. Groups V1, V2, V3 were treated with sodium metavanadate (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mg/ml(More)
The disappearance rate of insulin antibodies was studied after cessation of insulin treatment which had been given for 3 months to 6 years in 42 Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients. Insulin antibodies were measured before and 15 days after interruption of insulin treatment, and every 30 days until the disappearance of insulin antibodies. The(More)