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In the frog retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), the cellular levels of cyclic AMP (cAMP) were measured in control conditions and after treatment with substances that are known to inhibit phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity (isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, SQ65442) or stimulate adenylate cyclase activity (forskolin). The cAMP levels were elevated by a factor of 5-7(More)
Maternal administration of androstenedione produces a sustained fall in maternal plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) concentrations in the pregnant nonhuman primate. We hypothesize a negative feedback influence on the maternal hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis by androgens in primates. This may reflect an important maternal adaptation during(More)
Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) promote type 2 cytokine-dependent immunity, inflammation, and tissue repair. Although epithelial cell-derived cytokines regulate ILC2 effector functions, the pathways that control the in vivo migration of ILC2s into inflamed tissues remain poorly understood. Here, we provide the first demonstration that expression of(More)
To assess the interaction among androgens, placenta, and the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis we studied effects of androstenedione administered intravascularly to the pregnant monkey on maternal plasma CRH, ACTH, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), cortisol, and estradiol concentrations. Ten monkeys (128 +/- 3 days gestation; mean +/- SEM) were(More)
BACKGROUND Tracheal transplantation may be a viable alternative in select situations of long-segment tracheal stenosis. Issues concerning human tracheal antigenicity and the requirement for systemic immunosuppression need to be addressed. This study examined the distribution of the major transplantation antigens on fresh human trachea. METHODS Frozen(More)
Pregnant rhesus monkeys were studied to determine the precise time in relation to photoperiod of the onset, and the nature, of the switch in myometrial activity patterns from contractures to contractions. We investigated both spontaneous term labor and androstenedione-induced preterm labor. Under general anesthesia at 127 +/- 2 days gestation (dGA) (mean(More)
Blood chimerism has been reported sporadically among visceral transplant recipients, mostly in association with graft-vs-host disease (GVHD). We hypothesized that a higher degree of mixed chimerism would be observed in multivisceral (MVTx) than in isolated intestinal (iITx) and isolated liver transplant (iLTx) recipients, regardless of GVHD. We performed a(More)
The sequence of events that predispose to the onset of sinusitis are usually attributed to pathophysiologic factors within the ostiomeatal complex. Ostial compromise or obstruction with reduced clearance of antral pathogens has been implicated as a major factor that contributes to early sinus disease. Recent work in this laboratory has indicated that other(More)
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