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Despite multiple disparate prognostic risk analysis systems for evaluating clinical outcome for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), imprecision persists with such analyses. To attempt to improve on these systems, an International MDS Risk Analysis Workshop combined cytogenetic, morphological, and clinical data from seven large previously reported(More)
Many malignancies of mature B cells are characterized by chromosomal translocations involving the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) locus on chromosome 14q32.3 and result in deregulated expression of the translocated oncogene. t(2;14)(p13;q32.3) is a rare event in B-cell malignancies. In contrast, gains and amplifications of the same region of chromosome(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia reported high response rates to fludarabine combined with cyclophosphamide. We aimed to establish whether this treatment combination provided greater survival benefit than did chlorambucil or fludarabine. METHODS 777 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia requiring treatment(More)
We have used the long-term bone marrow culture (LTBMC) system to analyze hematopoiesis in three patients with dyskeratosis congenita (DC), two of whom had aplastic anemia, and the third had a normal blood count (apart from mild macrocytosis) and normal BM cellularity. Hematopoiesis was severely defective in all three patients, as measured by a low incidence(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a B-cell tumor involving small lymphocytes that generally express the CD5 antigen and low levels of surface Ig. Within this definition, there is heterogeneity among cases in cell morphology, karyotypic abnormalities, and clinical course. Trisomy 12, the most frequent karyotypic abnormality, is commonly found in a subset(More)
Genome-wide array approaches and sequencing analyses are powerful tools for identifying genetic aberrations in cancers, including leukemias and lymphomas. However, the clinical and biological significance of such aberrations and their subclonal distribution are poorly understood. Here, we present the first genome-wide array based study of pre-treatment and(More)
Telomere erosion and fusion play an important role in the pathology of many common human malignancies including CLL. 1,2 Previous studies in CLL have shown that short telomeres defined on the basis of the median value or receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis are associated with unmutated IGHV genes, poor risk genomic abnormalities, genomic(More)
RNA-directed DNA polymerase (reverse transcriptase) activity was detected in platelets from 4/4 patients with primary proliferative polycythaemia (PPP), 7/7 patients with essential thrombocythaemia (ET), 1/4 patients with relative "stress" polycythaemia, 0/2 patients with secondary polycythaemia, and 0/3 normal subjects. The activity appeared to be(More)
The biological features of IGHV-M chronic lymphocytic leukemia responsible for disease progression are still poorly understood. We undertook a longitudinal study close to diagnosis, pre-treatment and post relapse in 13 patients presenting with cMBL or Stage A disease and good-risk biomarkers (IGHV-M genes, no del(17p) or del(11q) and low CD38 expression)(More)