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Although it is clear that errors in genotyping data can lead to severe errors in linkage analysis, there is as yet no consensus strategy for identification of genotyping errors. Strategies include comparison of duplicate samples, independent calling of alleles, and Mendelian-inheritance-error checking. This study aimed to develop a better understanding of(More)
BACKGROUND It is widely acknowledged that the genetic diatheses for schizophrenia and affective disorders are independent. However, there are increasing doubts about this classic view, and empirical evidence for a dichotomy of these two prototypes of functional psychoses is limited. A controlled family study of consecutive admissions was conducted to(More)
Methodological issues involved in assessing the prevalence of substance abuse in schizophrenia are discussed, and previous research in this area is comprehensively reviewed. Many studies suffer from methodological shortcomings, including the lack of diagnostic rigor, adequate sample sizes, and simultaneous assessment of different types of substance abuse(More)
A number of linkage studies suggest a schizophrenia susceptibility locus on chromosome 22, particularly with microsatellite marker D22S278 (22q12). In addition to some evidence for linkage to schizophrenia in this region, linkage to bipolar disorder using this marker has also been reported. We tested a group of 60 Bipolar I triads and an expanded group of(More)
OBJECTIVE The study compared the burden that specific problem behaviors of patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder placed on relatives and evaluated the accuracy of mental health professionals' judgment of the burden. METHODS A questionnaire was developed to assess the burden of 20 common problem behaviors associated with manic, positive, and(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) activity and PKC translocation in response to serotonin were investigated in platelets obtained from bipolar affective disorder subjects before and during lithium treatment. Ratios of platelet membrane-bound to cytosolic PKC activities were elevated in the manic subjects. In addition, serotonin-elicited platelet PKC translocation was(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors sought to determine whether fluphenazine dose or plasma level predicts clinical improvement or side effects during acute treatment. METHOD Oral fluphenazine was given in fixed, randomized, double-blind doses (10, 20, or 30 mg/day) for 4 weeks to 72 inpatients with acute schizophrenic exacerbations. Outcome measures included(More)
BACKGROUND recent investigations have suggested that the phosphoinositide (PI) signal transduction system may be involved in the pathophysiology of bipolar affective disorders. Earlier studies in our laboratory have implicated altered PKC-mediated phosphorylation in bipolar affective disorder and in the clinical action of lithium. In the present study, we(More)