DC. McDonald

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The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transactivator Rev is a nuclear protein that regulates expression of certain HIV-1 transcripts by binding to an RNA target element (the RRE) present in these transcripts. A short arginine-rich sequence in Rev contains the signals required to direct this protein into nuclei, where it associates preferentially(More)
The Cdc7-Dbf4 kinase is essential for regulating initiation of DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Previously, we identified a human Cdc7 homolog, HsCdc7. In this study, we report the identification of a human Dbf4 homolog, HsDbf4. We show that HsDbf4 binds to HsCdc7 and activates HsCdc7 kinase activity when HsDbf4 and HsCdc7 are coexpressed in(More)
Rev protein regulates nuclear export of viral mRNAs that contain a 240-base RNA sequence termed the Rev-response element (RRE). We demonstrate that an 88-base truncated RRE encompassing a known Rev binding site can mediate Rev responsiveness in vivo. Two tandem copies of this mutant function as efficiently as the full-length RRE.
The regeneration of adult peripheral neurons after transection is slow, incomplete and encumbered by severe barriers to proper regrowth. The role of RHOA GTPase has not been examined in this context. We examined the expression, activity and functional role of RHOA GTPase and its ROK effector, inhibitors of regeneration, during peripheral axon outgrowth. We(More)
The expression of certain mRNAs from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is controlled by the viral transactivator Rev, a nucleolar protein that binds a cis-acting element in these mRNAs. Rev is encoded by two viral exons that specify amino acids 1 to 26 and 27 to 116, respectively. Earlier studies have mapped essential regions of the protein that(More)
OBJECTIVE Myasthenia gravis (MG) may be associated with the presence of acetylcholine receptor antibodies (AChRAb) [seropositive MG (SPMG)] or their absence [seronegative MG (SNMG)]. Along with features of MG, the presence of the AChRAb may relate to the existence of other immune-mediated diseases. We sought to determine the association of SPMG with other(More)
The ubiquitously expressed nonreceptor tyrosine kinase c-Abl contains three nuclear localization signals, however, it is found in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm of proliferating fibroblasts. A rapid and transient loss of c-Abl from the nucleus is observed upon the initial adhesion of fibroblasts onto a fibronectin matrix, suggesting the possibility of(More)
Insulin peptide, acting through tyrosine kinase receptor pathways, contributes to nerve development or repair. In this work, we examined the direction, impact and repertoire of insulin signaling in vivo during peripheral nerve regeneration in rats. First, we demonstrated that insulin receptor is expressed on lumbar dorsal root ganglia neuronal perikarya(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Rev and human T-cell leukemia virus type I Rex transactivators are posttranscriptional regulatory proteins that promote retroviral gene expression by interacting with specific viral mRNAs. Rev and Rex have markedly dissimilar amino acid sequences and RNA target specificities but are thought to act through the same(More)
We report transverse momentum (p(T)≤15  GeV/c) spectra of π(±), K(±), p, p[over ¯], K(S)(0), and ρ(0) at midrapidity in p+p and Au+Au collisions at √S(NN)=200  GeV. Perturbative QCD calculations are consistent with π(±) spectra in p+p collisions but do not reproduce K and p(p[over ¯]) spectra. The observed decreasing antiparticle-to-particle ratios with(More)