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Owl monkeys were inoculated intracerebrally, subcutaneously, and intravenously with JC, BK, or SV40 virus. Two of four adult owl monkeys inoculated with JC virus, a human polyomavirus, developed brain tumors at 16 and 25 months after inoculation, respectively. A grade 3 to grade 4 astrocytoma (resembling a human glioblastoma multiforme) was found in the(More)
Immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies were detected by a commercially available enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) in 36 of 49 (73%) pregnant women with primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. A positive ELISA-IgM result occurred in 10 of 13 patients (77%) assessed within 8 weeks of seroconversion. The sensitivity of the radioimmunoassay (RIA) to(More)
Cell-mediated immunity to herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) was assessed by a lymphocytotoxicity 51-Cr-release microassay procedure, using the MA-160 human prostatic adenoma cell line chronically infected with HSV-1 and its parent cell line as control. The specific immune release mean plus or minus standard deviation for nine asymptomatic patients with(More)
An analysis of the antibody titers to toxoplasmosis for 22,845 pregnant women in the Collaborative Perinatal Project was conducted in relation to clinical and laboratory findings in the mothers and children through 7 years of age. More than 900 observations were considered for each mother and child. The major findings were in the children and included a(More)
Capillary enzyme immunosorbent assay (CapELISA) is a modification of the standard enzyme immunosorbent assay which permits rapid detection of viral antigens in clinical specimens. The capillary tube format provides a very large reactive surface relative to the sample size. The close proximity of antigen to antibody in the tube optimizes the reaction,(More)
The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was compared with the enzyme-linked fluorescence assay (ELFA) for the detection of rubella antibody and herpes simplex virus antigen. Test parameters, specimens, antigen or antibody, and conjugates for the two types of assays were identical except that p-nitrophenyl phosphate was used as the substrate for the(More)
Specific cell-mediated immunity (CMI) responses to rubella virus were studied in 12 children with documented congenital rubella syndrome employing a (51)Cr lymphocytotoxicity microassay. Hemagglutination inhibition antibody was detected in 11 of the 12 children, with titers ranging from 1:4 to 1:128. CMI to rubella virus was demonstrated in only 3 of the 11(More)
Comparison of 659 pregnant and 202 nonpregnant women with similar demographic characteristics showed overall rates of cervical cytomegalovirus excretion that were identical (9.5% vs. 9.4%) and were surprisingly high, especially since 89% of the pregnant group possessed antibody to cytomegalovirus when admitted to the study. Prevalence of cytomegalovirus(More)