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Different neuronal populations were used to compare the neurite outgrowth-promoting activities of N-CAM and N-cadherin expressed via gene transfer on the surface of nonneuronal cells. In contrast to a previously reported developmental loss of retinal ganglion cell responsiveness to N-CAM, these cells exhibited an increased and maintained responsiveness to(More)
Myofibroblasts are critical cellular elements of wound healing generated at sites of injury by transdifferentiation of resident cells. A paradigm for this process is conversion of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) into hepatic myofibroblasts. Treatment of HSC with DNA methylation inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-azadC) blocked transdifferentiation. 5-azadC(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a pivotal role in liver fibrosis and stimulating their apoptosis could be an effective treatment for liver fibrosis. METHODS Activated HSCs, hepatocytes, and rats with liver fibrosis were treated with gliotoxin. RESULTS Addition of gliotoxin to activated (alpha-smooth muscle actin positive) rat and(More)
Rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC) cultured in serum-containing medium underwent a rapid (3-hour) classical induction of p50:p65 and p65:p65 nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) dimers. Subsequent culturing was associated with prolonged expression of active p50:p65 and persistent induction of a high-mobility NF-kappaB DNA binding complex consisting of(More)
Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) to a myofibroblast-like phenotype is the pivotal event in hepatic wound healing and fibrosis. Rat HSCs activated in vitro express JunD, Fra2, and FosB as the predominant AP-1 DNA-binding proteins, and all three associate with an AP-1 sequence that is essential for activity of the tissue inhibitor of(More)
In liver fibrosis, activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC) play a major role in the deposition of excess extracellular matrix, including fibrillar collagens type I and type III. In addition to matrix protein synthesis, HSC regulate matrix degradation in the liver. This is mediated via a combination of synthesis of matrix (pro)metalloproteinases, which(More)
Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a transcription factor that plays a critical role in the inappropriate survival of various types of malignant cells. Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is the most common B-cell malignancy in the Western world. Although overexpression and regulation of NF-kappaB has been described in CLL, its function remains unclear.(More)
In the injured liver hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) undergo a dramatic phenotypic transformation known as "activation" in which they become myofibroblast-like and express high levels of the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1). HSC activation is accompanied by transactivation of the TIMP-1 promoter. Truncation mutagenesis studies delineated a(More)
The addition of nerve growth factor (NGF) to PC12 cells induces an approximate doubling in the cell surface expression of the Thy-1 glycoprotein and the neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM) after 24 h of culture. Although both responses are measured at the same time point, their sensitivity to NGF differed with half-maximal induction of Thy-1 apparent at(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Nef is important for viral infectivity and pathogenicity. HIV-1 infection is associated with inappropriate activation and defects in the function of monocytes/macrophages. We have studied the effects of HIV-1 Nef in the murine (RAW264.7) and human (THP-1) monocyte-macrophage cell lines. Investigation of the(More)