Learn More
Using immunohistochemistry at the conventional light, confocal and electron microscopic levels, we have demonstrated that rat stomach ECL cells store histamine and pancreastatin in granules and secretory vesicles, while histidine decarboxylase occurs in the cytosol. Furthermore the ECL cells display immunoreactivity for vesicular monoamine transporter type(More)
The enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, which are the predominant endocrine cell type in the acid-producing part of the vertebrate stomach, are characterized by numerous, electron-lucent vesicles and few electron-dense granules in the cytoplasm. The biological and physiological significance of the ECL cells remains poorly understood. They produce and store(More)
The enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells represent the predominant endocrine cell population in the acid-producing part of the stomach of both experimental animals and man. These cells actively produce and store histamine in addition to an anticipated but as yet unidentified peptide hormone and are under the control of gastrin. An acute gastrin stimulus causes(More)
In the oxyntic mucosa of the mammalian stomach, histamine is stored in ECL cells and in mucosal mast cells. In the rat, at least 80 percent of oxyntic mucosal histamine resides in the ECL cells. Histamine is a key factor in the regulation of gastric acid secretion. Following depletion of ECL-cell histamine by treatment with alpha-fluoromethylhistidine(More)
The enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells of the oxyntic mucosa (fundus) of the stomach produce, store and secrete histamine, chromogranin A-derived peptides such as pancreastatin, and an unanticipated but as yet unidentified peptide hormone. The cells are stimulated by gastrin and pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide and suppressed by somatostatin(More)
Morphine is a potent opioid analgesic. However, the repeated use of morphine causes tolerance and hyperal-gesia. Neuroinflammation has been reported to be involved in morphine tolerance and withdrawal-induced hyperalgesia. The complement system is a crucial effector mechanism of immune responses. The present study investigated the roles of complement factor(More)
  • 1