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The histamine-producing enterochromaffinlike (ECL) cells in the acid-producing portion of the rat stomach responded to long-standing hypergastrinemia (omeprazole treatment daily for 8–10 weeks) with hypertrophy (and hyperplasia) and with a reduced number of granules and vesicles per unit cytoplasm. There was a reduction in the ratio of electron-dense(More)
The enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, which are the predominant endocrine cell type in the acid-producing part of the vertebrate stomach, are characterized by numerous, electron-lucent vesicles and few electron-dense granules in the cytoplasm. The biological and physiological significance of the ECL cells remains poorly understood. They produce and store(More)
The ECL cells are histamine- and peptide hormone-producing endocrine cells in the rat oxyntic mucosa. They are rich in secretory vesicles and also contain microvesicles and electron-dense granules. They operate under the control of circulating gastrin. In the present study, we examined the ECL-cell ultrastructure after long term treatment with omeprazole,(More)
Normal bone formation is a prolonged process that is carefully regulated and involves sequential expression of growth regulatory factors by osteoblasts as they proliferate and ultimately differentiate. Since this orderly sequence of gene expression by osteoblasts suggests a cascade effect, and BMP-2 is capable of initiating and maintaining this effect, we(More)
Gastrectomy leads to osteopenia in the rat. The present study describes the effects of gastrectomy on bone morphology. Rats were subjected to gastrectomy or sham operation. Four weeks after the operation the rats were killed and both tibiae were removed. Bone morphology of the left tibia was analyzed with quantitative computer tomography, the right tibia(More)
The ECL cells in the oxyntic mucosa of rat stomach produce histamine and chromogranin A-derived peptides such as pancreastatin. The cells respond to gastrin via cholecystokinin-2 (CCK2) receptors. A CCK2 receptor blockade was induced by treatment (for up to 8 weeks) with two receptor antagonists, YM022 and YF476. Changes in ECL-cell morphology were examined(More)
The histamine-containing ECL cells constitute the most abundant endocrine cell type in the acid-producing part of the rat stomach; they constitute 0.5–1.0% of all epithelial cells in this location [1]. The ECL cells are rich in pancreastatin [2], a chromogranin A (CGA)-derived peptide, that occurs in most peptide hormone-producing endocrine cells. ECL cells(More)
In the oxyntic mucosa of the mammalian stomach, histamine is stored in ECL cells and in mucosal mast cells. In the rat, at least 80 percent of oxyntic mucosal histamine resides in the ECL cells. Histamine is a key factor in the regulation of gastric acid secretion. Following depletion of ECL-cell histamine by treatment with alpha-fluoromethylhistidine(More)
Using immunohistochemistry at the conventional light, confocal and electron microscopic levels, we have demonstrated that rat stomach ECL cells store histamine and pancreastatin in granules and secretory vesicles, while histidine decarboxylase occurs in the cytosol. Furthermore the ECL cells display immunoreactivity for vesicular monoamine transporter type(More)
The enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells represent the predominant endocrine cell population in the acid-producing part of the stomach of both experimental animals and man. These cells actively produce and store histamine in addition to an anticipated but as yet unidentified peptide hormone and are under the control of gastrin. An acute gastrin stimulus causes(More)