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Radiative forcing of climate
An update of the scientific discussions presented in Chapter 2 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report is presented. The update discusses the atmospheric radiative and chemical
Factors affecting the detection of trends: Statistical considerations and applications to environmental data
Detection of long-term, linear trends is affected by a number of factors, including the size of trend to be detected, the time span of available data, and the magnitude of variability and
Radiative Forcing of Climate Changes in the Vertical Distribution of Ozone
The authors describe a simple method for evaluating the radiative forcing of surface temperature caused by changes in the vertical distribution of ozone. The method employs a parameterization based
Confronting climate change in the Great Lakes region : impacts on our communities and ecosystems
Climate Projections In general, throughout this century, the region’s climate is expected to become considerably warmer in both summer and winter. Although average annual precipitation may not change
Climate Change 2013. The Physical Science Basis. Working Group I Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Abstract for decision-makers
Foreword Preface Summary for policy makers Technical summary 1. Introduction 2. Observations: atmosphere and surface 3. Observations: ocean 4. Observations: cryosphere 5. Information from
Regional climate change projections for the Northeast USA
Climate projections at relevant temporal and spatial scales are essential to assess potential future climate change impacts on climatologically diverse regions such as the northeast United States.
Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge
The state of knowledge regarding trends and an understanding of their causes is presented for a specific subset of extreme weather and climate types. For severe convective storms (tornadoes,