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The worldwide incidence of preterm birth: a systematic review of maternal mortality and morbidity.
Developing countries, especially those in Africa and southern Asia, incur the highest burden in terms of absolute numbers, although a high rate is also observed in North America. Expand
WHO analysis of causes of maternal death: a systematic review
Haemorrhage and hypertensive disorders are major contributors to maternal deaths in developing countries and these data should inform evidence-based reproductive health-care policies and programmes at regional and national levels. Expand
Worldwide prevalence of anaemia, WHO Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System, 1993–2005
Anaemia affects one-quarter of the world’s population and is concentrated in preschool-aged children and women, making it a global public health problem, which makes it difficult to effectively address the problem. Expand
Maternal and neonatal individual risks and benefits associated with caesarean delivery: multicentre prospective study
Caesarean delivery independently reduces overall risk in breech presentations and risk of intrapartum fetal death in cephalic presentations but increases the risk of severe maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in cEPhalic presentation. Expand
Caesarean delivery rates and pregnancy outcomes : The 2005 WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health in Latin America
Findings indicate that a high cesarean delivery rate does not necessarily indicate good-quality care and perinatal outcomes should be closely scrutinized at institutions where high operative delivery rates prevail. Expand
Caesarean delivery rates and pregnancy outcomes: the 2005 WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health in Latin America
Increase in the rate of caesarean delivery was associated with an increase in fetal mortality rates and higher numbers of babies admitted to intensive care for 7 days or longer even after adjustment for preterm delivery. Expand
Preeclampsia, gestational hypertension and intrauterine growth restriction, related or independent conditions?
Preeclampsia and gestational hypertension shared many risk factors, although there are differences that need further evaluation, and both conditions significantly increased morbidity and mortality. Expand
WHO Statement on Caesarean Section Rates
In 1985 when a group of experts convened by the World Health Organization in Fortaleza, Brazil, met to discuss the appropriate technology for birth, they echoed what at that moment was considered anExpand
WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health in Latin America: classifying caesarean sections
The "10-group" or "Robson" classification could help identify which groups of women are contributing most to the high caesarean section rates in Latin America, and if it could provide information useful for health care providers in monitoring and planning effective actions to reduce these rates. Expand
National estimates for maternal mortality: an analysis based on the WHO systematic review of maternal mortality and morbidity
Variation of national maternal mortality estimates is large even within subregions, and study of country-specific variables suggests infant mortality rate, skilled birth attendant at delivery and health expenditure per capita are key variables to predict maternal mortality at national level. Expand