• Publications
  • Influence
Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: the PANAS scales.
Two 10-item mood scales that comprise the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) are developed and are shown to be highly internally consistent, largely uncorrelated, and stable at appropriate levels over a 2-month time period.
Constructing validity: Basic issues in objective scale development
A primary goal of scale development is to create a valid measure of an underlying construct. We discuss theoretical principles, practical issues, and pragmatic decisions to help developers maximize
Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications.
Results suggest that anxiety and depression can be reliably and validly assessed; moreover, although these disorders share a substantial component of general affective distress, they can be differentiated on the basis of factors specific to each syndrome.
Mood and temperament
1. An Introduction to the Study of Mood and Temperament 2. Measuring Mood: A Structural Model 3. Situational and Environmental Influences on Mood 4. The Rhythms of Everyday Experience: Patterned
Toward a consensual structure of mood.
Reanalyses of a number of studies of self-reported mood indicate that Positive and Negative Affect consistently emerge as the first two Varimax rotated dimensions in orthogonal factor analyses or as
Rethinking the mood and anxiety disorders: a quantitative hierarchical model for DSM-V.
  • D. Watson
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1 November 2005
The existing structural evidence establishes that the mood and anxiety disorders should be collapsed together into an overarching class of emotional disorders, which can be decomposed into 3 subclasses.
Negative affectivity: the disposition to experience aversive emotional states.
A number of apparently diverse personality scales—variously called trait anxiety, neuroticism, ego strength, general maladjustment, repression-sensitization, and social desirability—are reviewed and
Initial construction of a maladaptive personality trait model and inventory for DSM-5
A maladaptive personality trait model and corresponding instrument are developed as a step on the path toward helping users of DSM-5 assess traits that may or may not constitute a formal personality disorder.
Testing a tripartite model: I. Evaluating the convergent and discriminant validity of anxiety and depression symptom scales.
L.A. Clark and D. Watson (1991) proposed a tripartite model that groups symptoms of depression and anxiety into 3 subtypes: symptoms of general distress that are largely nonspecific, manifestations
Health complaints, stress, and distress: exploring the central role of negative affectivity.
Results demonstrate the importance of including different types of health measures in health psychology research, and indicate that self-report health measures reflect a pervasive mood disposition of negative affectivity (NA), which will act as a general nuisance factor in health research.