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EFFECTS OF BIODIVERSITY ON ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONING: A CONSENSUS OF CURRENT KNOWLEDGE
TLDR
Understanding this complexity, while taking strong steps to minimize current losses of species, is necessary for responsible management of Earth's ecosystems and the diverse biota they contain. Expand
Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity
TLDR
It is argued that human actions are dismantling the Earth’s ecosystems, eliminating genes, species and biological traits at an alarming rate, and the question of how such loss of biological diversity will alter the functioning of ecosystems and their ability to provide society with the goods and services needed to prosper is asked. Expand
Ecological Linkages Between Aboveground and Belowground Biota
TLDR
This work shows how aboveground and belowground components are closely interlinked at the community level, reinforced by a greater degree of specificity between plants and soil organisms than has been previously supposed. Expand
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Current Knowledge and Future Challenges
TLDR
Larger numbers of species are probably needed to reduce temporal variability in ecosystem processes in changing environments and to determine how biodiversity dynamics, ecosystem processes, and abiotic factors interact. Expand
Communities and Ecosystems: Linking the Aboveground and Belowground Components
Cold Seep Wikipedia A Cold Seep (sometimes Called A Cold Vent) Is An Area Of The Ocean Floor Where Hydrogen Sulfide, Methane And Other Hydrocarbon-rich Fluid Seepage Occurs, Often In The Form Of AExpand
Trophic Downgrading of Planet Earth
TLDR
This empirical work supports long-standing theory about the role of top-down forcing in ecosystems but also highlights the unanticipated impacts of trophic cascades on processes as diverse as the dynamics of disease, wildfire, carbon sequestration, invasive species, and biogeochemical cycles. Expand
Global change and species interactions in terrestrial ecosystems.
TLDR
It is concluded that in order to reliably predict the effects of GEC on community and ecosystem processes, the greatest single challenge will be to determine how biotic and abiotic context alters the direction and magnitude of G EC effects on biotic interactions. Expand
Impacts of biological invasions: what's what and the way forward.
TLDR
Recent progress in understanding invasion impacts and management is highlighted, and the challenges that the discipline faces in its science and interactions with society are discussed. Expand
Herbivore-mediated linkages between aboveground and belowground communities
TLDR
This paper identifies several mechanisms by which herbivores can indirectly affect decomposer organisms and soil processes through altering the quantity and quality of resources entering the soil and proposes that a variety of possible mechanisms is responsible for the idiosyncratic nature of herbivore effects on soil biota and ecosystem function. Expand
Ecosystem Properties and Forest Decline in Contrasting Long-Term Chronosequences
TLDR
It is suggested that the maximal biomass phase reached during succession cannot be maintained in the long-term absence of major disturbance, and that similar patterns of decline occur in forested ecosystems spanning the tropical, temperate, and boreal zones. Expand
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