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PRELIMINARY VALIDATION OF THE SPORT FAN MOTIVATION SCALE
Factors believed to be motivations responsible for sport fandom include eustress, self-esteem, escape, entertainment, economic, aesthetic, group affiliation, and family needs. However, these factorsExpand
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Sport Fans: The Psychology and Social Impact of Spectators
1. An Introduction to the Study of Sport Fans Defining and classifying sport fans Demographic and personality traits of sport fans The pervasiveness and impact of sport in today's society Overview ofExpand
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Die-Hard and Fair-Weather Fans: Effects of Identification on BIRGing and CORFing Tendencies
Previous research has demonstrated that people are capable of strategic self-presentation; they decrease the distance between themselves and successful groups with which they have only the mostExpand
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The Positive Social and Self Concept Consequences of Sports Team Identification
As a result of increased geographic mobility, industrialization, and the like, traditional social and community ties have declined. Conversely, sports spectatorship has continued to flourish. WeExpand
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Collective self‐esteem consequences of outgroup derogation when a valued social identity is on trial
A structural equation model tested the role of degree of identification with a group (Americans) and level of collective self-esteem as determinants of outgroup derogation under identity-threateningExpand
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Peripheral ingroup membership status and public negativity toward outgroups.
Peripheral membership status in a desirable ingroup was predicted to elevate outgroup derogation when Ss believed other ingroup members might learn of their responses. Less negativity towardExpand
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