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Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100.
TLDR
This study identified a ranking of the importance of drivers of change, aranking of the biomes with respect to expected changes, and the major sources of uncertainties in projections of future biodiversity change.
Ecological Linkages Between Aboveground and Belowground Biota
TLDR
This work shows how aboveground and belowground components are closely interlinked at the community level, reinforced by a greater degree of specificity between plants and soil organisms than has been previously supposed.
Cross-biome metagenomic analyses of soil microbial communities and their functional attributes
TLDR
As the most comprehensive survey of soil taxonomic, phylogenetic, and functional diversity to date, this study demonstrates that metagenomic approaches can be used to build a predictive understanding of how microbial diversity and function vary across terrestrial biomes.
Ecosystem carbon loss with woody plant invasion of grasslands
TLDR
A clear negative relationship between precipitation and changes in soil organic carbon and nitrogen content when grasslands were invaded by woody vegetation is found, with drier sites gaining, and wetter sites losing, soilorganic carbon.
Detritus, trophic dynamics and biodiversity
Traditional approaches to the study of food webs emphasize the transfer of local primary productivity in the form of living plant organic matter across trophic levels. However, dead organic matter,
Diversity meets decomposition.
TLDR
It is suggested that changes in species diversity within and across trophic levels can significantly alter decomposition and this happens through various mechanisms that are broadly similar in forest floors and streams.
Ecological forecasts: an emerging imperative.
TLDR
Access to reliable forecasts of ecosystem state, ecosystem services, and natural capital will increase the ability to forecast ecosystem change and create a capacity to produce, evaluate, and communicate forecasts of critical ecosystem services.
Home-field advantage accelerates leaf litter decomposition in forests
Several leaf litter decay studies have indicated that decomposition occurs more rapidly when litter is placed beneath the plant species from which it had been derived than beneath a different plant
Antarctic climate cooling and terrestrial ecosystem response
TLDR
Data from the dry valleys are presented representing evidence of rapid terrestrial ecosystem response to climate cooling in Antarctica, including decreased primary productivity of lakes and declining numbers of soil invertebrates, which poses challenges to models of climate and ecosystem change.
Interactions between Aboveground and Belowground Biodiversity in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Patterns, Mechanisms, and Feedbacks
Assistant professor in the Department of Biology at Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington 98225-9160 10: Professor at the Laboratoire d'Ecologie de Sols Tropicaux, ORSTOM/Universite
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