Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100.
This study identified a ranking of the importance of drivers of change, aranking of the biomes with respect to expected changes, and the major sources of uncertainties in projections of future biodiversity change.
Ecological Linkages Between Aboveground and Belowground Biota
- D. Wardle, R. Bardgett, J. Klironomos, H. Setälä, W. H. van der Putten, D. Wall
- Environmental ScienceScience
- 11 June 2004
This work shows how aboveground and belowground components are closely interlinked at the community level, reinforced by a greater degree of specificity between plants and soil organisms than has been previously supposed.
Cross-biome metagenomic analyses of soil microbial communities and their functional attributes
- N. Fierer, J. Leff, J. Caporaso
- Biology, MedicineProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 10 December 2012
As the most comprehensive survey of soil taxonomic, phylogenetic, and functional diversity to date, this study demonstrates that metagenomic approaches can be used to build a predictive understanding of how microbial diversity and function vary across terrestrial biomes.
Ecosystem carbon loss with woody plant invasion of grasslands
A clear negative relationship between precipitation and changes in soil organic carbon and nitrogen content when grasslands were invaded by woody vegetation is found, with drier sites gaining, and wetter sites losing, soilorganic carbon.
Diversity meets decomposition.
Detritus, trophic dynamics and biodiversity
Traditional approaches to the study of food webs emphasize the transfer of local primary productivity in the form of living plant organic matter across trophic levels. However, dead organic matter,…
Formation of soil organic matter via biochemical and physical pathways of litter mass loss
Soil organic matter is a large global carbon pool. Isotopic labelling of litter in the lab and the field reveals that soil organic matter forms from labile organic compounds and litter fragments…
Home-field advantage accelerates leaf litter decomposition in forests
Ecological forecasts: an emerging imperative.
Access to reliable forecasts of ecosystem state, ecosystem services, and natural capital will increase the ability to forecast ecosystem change and create a capacity to produce, evaluate, and communicate forecasts of critical ecosystem services.
Antarctic climate cooling and terrestrial ecosystem response
Data from the dry valleys are presented representing evidence of rapid terrestrial ecosystem response to climate cooling in Antarctica, including decreased primary productivity of lakes and declining numbers of soil invertebrates, which poses challenges to models of climate and ecosystem change.