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Deciding Advantageously Before Knowing the Advantageous Strategy
Deciding advantageously in a complex situation is thought to require overt reasoning on declarative knowledge, namely, on facts pertaining to premises, options for action, and outcomes of actionsExpand
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Characterization of the decision-making deficit of patients with ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions.
On a gambling task that models real-life decisions, patients with bilateral lesions of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VM) opt for choices that yield high immediate gains in spite of higherExpand
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Neuropsychological assessment, 5th ed.
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Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements
The psychological and neurobiological processes underlying moral judgement have been the focus of many recent empirical studies. Of central interest is whether emotions play a causal role in moralExpand
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A mechanism for impaired fear recognition after amygdala damage
Ten years ago, we reported that SM, a patient with rare bilateral amygdala damage, showed an intriguing impairment in her ability to recognize fear from facial expressions. Since then, the importanceExpand
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Neural Systems Responding to Degrees of Uncertainty in Human Decision-Making
Much is known about how people make decisions under varying levels of probability (risk). Less is known about the neural basis of decision-making when probabilities are uncertain because of missingExpand
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A neural basis for lexical retrieval
Two parallel studies using positron emission tomography, one conducted in neurological patients with brain lesions, the other in normal individuals, indicate that the normal process of retrieving words that denote concrete entities depends in part on multiple regions of the left cerebral hemisphere, located outside the classic language areas. Expand
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Failure to respond autonomically to anticipated future outcomes following damage to prefrontal cortex.
Following damage to specific sectors of the prefrontal cortex, humans develop a defect in real-life decision making, in spite of otherwise normal intellectual performance. The patients so affectedExpand
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Dissociation Of Working Memory from Decision Making within the Human Prefrontal Cortex
We tested the hypothesis that cognitive functions related to working memory (assessed with delay tasks) are distinct from those related to decision making (assessed with a gambling task), and thatExpand
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Impaired recognition of emotion in facial expressions following bilateral damage to the human amygdala
STUDIES in animals have shown that the amygdala receives highly processed visual input1,2, contains neurons that respond selectively to faces3, and that it participates in emotion4,5 and socialExpand
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