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Global observed changes in daily climate extremes of temperature and precipitation
A suite of climate change indices derived from daily temperature and precipitation data, with a primary focus on extreme events, were computed and analyzed. By setting an exact formula for each indexExpand
Forecast verification : a practitioner's guide in atmospheric science
List of Contributors. Preface. 1. Introduction (I. Jolliffe & D. Stephenson). 2. Basic Concepts (J. Potts). 3. Binary Events (I. Mason). 4. Categorical Events (R. Livezey). 5. Continuous VariablesExpand
Future extreme events in European climate: an exploration of regional climate model projections
This paper presents an overview of changes in the extreme events that are most likely to affect Europe in forthcoming decades. A variety of diagnostic methods are used to determine how heat waves,Expand
Arctic Oscillation or North Atlantic Oscillation
The definition and interpretation of the Arctic oscillation (AO) are examined and compared with those of the North Atlantic oscillation (NAO). It is shown that the NAO reflects the correlationsExpand
Evidence of trends in daily climate extremes over southern and west Africa
Received 31 May 2005; revised 10 January 2006; accepted 23 March 2006; published 21 July 2006. [1] There has been a paucity of information on trends in daily climate and climate extremes, especiallyExpand
Empirical orthogonal functions and related techniques in atmospheric science: A review
The basic theory of the main types of EOFs is reviewed, and a wide range of applications using various data sets are also provided. Expand
North Atlantic Oscillation – Concepts And Studies
This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review of previous studies and concepts concerning the North Atlantic Oscillation. The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and its recent homologue, the ArcticExpand
Use of the “Odds Ratio” for Diagnosing Forecast Skill
This study investigates ways of quantifying the skill in forecasts of dichotomous weather events. The odds ratio, widely used in medical studies, can provide a powerful way of testing the associationExpand
Stratospheric Memory and Skill of Extended-Range Weather Forecasts
An empirical statistical model is used to demonstrate significant skill in making extended-range forecasts of the monthly-mean Arctic Oscillation and provides evidence that both the time scale and predictability of the AO depend on the presence of persistent circulation anomalies just above the tropopause. Expand
Observed Trends and Teleconnections of the Siberian High: A Recently Declining Center of Action
This study investigates variability in the intensity of the wintertime Siberian high (SH) by defining a robust SH index (SHI) and correlating it with selected meteorological fields and teleconnectionExpand