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Dietary Fiber, Glycemic Load, and Risk of NIDDM in Men
TLDR
Findings support the hypothesis that diets with a high glycemic load and a low cereal fiber content increase risk of NIDDM in men and suggest that grains should be consumed in a minimally refined form to reduce the incidence of N IDDM.
Major types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of 11 cohort studies.
TLDR
The associations suggest that replacing SFAs with PUFAs rather than MUFAs or carbohydrates prevents CHD over a wide range of intakes.
Diet quality and major chronic disease risk in men and women: moving toward improved dietary guidance.
TLDR
The AHEI predicted chronic disease risk better than did the RFS (or the HEI, in previous research) primarily because of a strong inverse association with CVD.
Prospective study of major dietary patterns and risk of coronary heart disease in men.
TLDR
It is suggested that major dietary patterns derived from a food-frequency questionnaire predict risk of CHD, independent of other lifestyle variables.
Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of major chronic disease.
TLDR
Increased fruit and vegetable consumption was associated with a modest although not statistically significant reduction in the development of major chronic disease and the benefits appeared to be primarily for cardiovascular disease and not for cancer.
The Effect of Fruit and Vegetable Intake on Risk for Coronary Heart Disease
TLDR
A 1-serving/d increase in fruit or vegetable intake was associated with a 6% lower risk for ischemic stroke, after controlling for standard cardiovascular risk factors, and analyses limited to confirmed cases yielded results very similar to those obtained when all cases were included.
Easy SAS calculations for risk or prevalence ratios and differences.
TLDR
There is no longer any good justification for fitting logistic regression models and estimating odds ratios when the odds ratio is not a good approximation of the risk or prevalence ratio.
Association between dietary patterns and plasma biomarkers of obesity and cardiovascular disease risk.
TLDR
Major dietary patterns are predictors of plasma biomarkers of CVD and obesity risk, suggesting that the effect of overall diet on CVD risk may be mediated through these biomarkers.
Prenatal risk factors for autism: comprehensive meta-analysis
TLDR
There is insufficient evidence to implicate any one prenatal factor in autism aetiology, although there is some evidence to suggest that exposure to pregnancy complications may increase the risk.
Variation in the Incidence of Uterine Leiomyoma Among Premenopausal Women by Age and Race
TLDR
A higher prevalence of known risk factors did not explain the excess rate of uterine leiomyoma among premenopausal black women.
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