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A theory of causal learning in children: causal maps and Bayes nets.
The authors outline a cognitive and computational account of causal learning in children. They propose that children use specialized cognitive systems that allow them to recover an accurate "causalExpand
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Causal learning mechanisms in very young children: two-, three-, and four-year-olds infer causal relations from patterns of variation and covariation.
Three studies investigated whether young children make accurate causal inferences on the basis of patterns of variation and covariation. Children were presented with a new causal relation by means ofExpand
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Children’s causal inferences from indirect evidence: Backwards blocking and Bayesian reasoning in preschoolers
Previous research suggests that children can infer causal relations from patterns of events. However, what appear to be cases of causal inference may simply reduce to children recognizing relevantExpand
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Detecting blickets: how young children use information about novel causal powers in categorization and induction.
Three studies explored whether and when children could categorize objects on the basis of a novel underlying causal power. To test this we constructed a "blicket detector," a machine that lit up andExpand
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Blickets and babies: the development of causal reasoning in toddlers and infants.
Previous research has suggested that preschoolers possess a cognitive system that allows them to construct an abstract, coherent representation of causal relations among events. Such a system letsExpand
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Action Understanding in the Superior Temporal Sulcus Region
The posterior superior temporal sulcus (STS) region plays an important role in the perception of social acts, although its full role has not been completely clarified. This functional magneticExpand
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Children's causal inferences from indirect evidence: Backwards blocking and Bayesian reasoning in preschoolers
Previous research suggests that children can infer causal relations from patterns of events. However, what appear to be cases of causal inference may simply reduce to children recognizing relevantExpand
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Ambiguous figure perception and theory of mind understanding in children with autistic spectrum disorders
Researchers in early social-cognition have found that the ability to reverse an ambiguous figure is correlated with success on theory of mind tasks (e.g. Gopnik & Rosati, 2001). The presentExpand
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The Blicket Within: Preschoolers' Inferences About Insides and Causes
Four experiments examined children's inferences about the relation between objects' internal parts and their causal properties. In Experiment 1, 4-year-olds recognized that objects with differentExpand
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Increased focus on the mouth among infants in the first year of life: A longitudinal eye-tracking study.
The present study examines face-scanning behaviors of infants at 6, 9, and 12 months as they watched videos of a woman describing an object in front of her. The videos were created to varyExpand
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