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Hard and Soft Law in International Governance
We examine why international actors—including states, firms, and activists—seek different types of legalized arrangements to solve political and substantive problems. We show how particular forms ofExpand
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The Rational Design of International Institutions
Why do international institutions vary so widely in terms of such key institutional features as membership, scope, and flexibility? We argue that international actors are goal-seeking agents who makeExpand
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The Concept of Legalization
We develop an empirically based conception of international legalization to show how law and politics are intertwined across a wide range of institutional forms and to frame the analytic andExpand
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Why States Act through Formal International Organizations
States use formal international organizations (IOs) to manage both their everyday interactions and more dramatic episodes, including international conflicts. Yet, contemporary international theoryExpand
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Strengthening international regulation through transnational new governance : overcoming the orchestration deficitthrough Orchestration
Ein internationales regulatorisches System neuer Art entsteht derzeit spontan aus dem Versagen der internationalen „Old Governance“ – also der bestehenden internationalen Vertrage und OrganisationenExpand
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The limits of hegemonic stability theory
Hegemonic stability theory has been advanced as an explanation of successful cooperation in the international system. The basis of this “hegemonic cooperation” is the leadership of the hegemonicExpand
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International Organizations as Orchestrators
Part I. Introduction: 1. Orchestration: global governance through intermediaries Kenneth W. Abbott, Philipp Genschel, Duncan Snidal and Bernhard Zangl Part II. Managing States: 2. OrchestratingExpand
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Coordination versus Prisoners' Dilemma: Implications for International Cooperation and Regimes
The study of political institutions in general and international cooperation in particular has been beneficially influenced by the Prisoners' Dilemma (PD) game model, but there is a mistaken tendencyExpand
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Institutional Choice and Global Commerce
Part I: 1. Introduction: institutional choice and global commerce 2. International institutional choice: cooperation, alternatives, and strategies 3. Building Theseus' ship: why the ITO failed, theExpand
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