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Diet is the primary determinant of bacterial community structure in the guts of higher termites
The gut microbiota of termites plays critical roles in the symbiotic digestion of lignocellulose. While phylogenetically ‘lower termites’ are characterized by a unique association with cellulolyticExpand
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Oceanic dispersal, vicariance and human introduction shaped the modern distribution of the termites Reticulitermes, Heterotermes and Coptotermes
Reticulitermes, Heterotermes and Coptotermes form a small termite clade with partly overlapping distributions. Although native species occur across all continents, the factors influencing theirExpand
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Mitochondrial Phylogenomics Resolves the Global Spread of Higher Termites, Ecosystem Engineers of the Tropics
The higher termites (Termitidae) are keystone species and ecosystem engineers. They have exceptional biomass and play important roles in decomposition of dead plant matter, in soil manipulation, andExpand
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The frontal gland in workers of Neotropical soldierless termites
The presence of the frontal gland is well established in termite soldiers of Rhinotermitidae, Serritermitidae, and Termitidae. It is one of their main defensive adaptations or even an exclusiveExpand
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Mutual Use of Trail-Following Chemical Cues by a Termite Host and Its Inquiline
Termite nests are often secondarily inhabited by other termite species ( = inquilines) that cohabit with the host. To understand this association, we studied the trail-following behaviour in twoExpand
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Identification of multi-component trail pheromones in the most evolutionarily derived termites, the Nasutitermitinae (Termitidae).
In the present study, trail pheromone blends are identified for the first time in termites. In the phylogenetically complex Nasutitermitinae, trail-following pheromones are composed of dodecatrienolExpand
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Comparative Study of the Labial Gland Secretion in Termites (Isoptera)
Labial glands are present in all castes and developmental stages of all termite species. In workers, their secretion contains a food-marking pheromone and digestive enzymes, while soldier secretionExpand
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Sex pheromones and trail-following pheromone in the basal termites Zootermopsis nevadensis (Hagen) and Z. angusticollis (Hagen) (Isoptera, Termopsidae, Termopsinae)
In the context of an evolutionary study of the chemical communication in termites, sex pheromones and trail-following pheromones were investigated in two Termopsidae, Zootermopsis nevadensis and Z.Expand
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Trail-Following Pheromones in Basal Termites, with Special Reference to Mastotermes darwiniensis
In the framework of an evolutionary study, trail pheromones have been studied in the most basal extant termite, Mastotermes darwiniensis (Mastotermitidae), and two other basal termites, theExpand
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Metagenomic analysis of the microbiota in the highly compartmented hindguts of six wood- or soil-feeding higher termites
BackgroundTermites are important contributors to carbon and nitrogen cycling in tropical ecosystems. Higher termites digest lignocellulose in various stages of humification with the help of anExpand
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