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Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology
A genome-wide association study and Metabochip meta-analysis of body mass index (BMI), a measure commonly used to define obesity and assess adiposity, in up to 339,224 individuals provide strong support for a role of the central nervous system in obesity susceptibility.
Discovery and Refinement of Loci Associated with Lipid Levels
It is found that loci associated with blood lipid levels are often associated with cardiovascular and metabolic traits, including coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes, blood pressure, waist-hip ratio and body mass index.
Multi-omics of the gut microbial ecosystem in inflammatory bowel diseases
It is demonstrated that periods of disease activity were also marked by increases in temporal variability, with characteristic taxonomic, functional, and biochemical shifts, and integrative analysis identified microbial, biochemical, and host factors central to this dysregulation.
Defining the role of common variation in the genomic and biological architecture of adult human height
The results indicate a genetic architecture for human height that is characterized by a very large but finite number of causal variants, including mTOR, osteoglycin and binding of hyaluronic acid.
New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution
A genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip circumferences in up to 224,459 individuals implicated adipogenesis, angiogenesis, transcriptional regulation and insulin resistance as processes affecting fat distribution, providing insight into potential pathophysiological mechanisms.
Large-scale association analysis identifies new risk loci for coronary artery disease
An association analysis in CAD cases and controls identifies 15 loci reaching genome-wide significance, taking the number of susceptibility loci for CAD to 46, and a further 104 independent variants strongly associated with CAD at a 5% false discovery rate (FDR).
Large-scale association analyses identify new loci influencing glycemic traits and provide insight into the underlying biological pathways
Gene-based analyses identified further biologically plausible loci, suggesting that additional loci beyond those reaching genome-wide significance are likely to represent real associations and further functional analysis of these newly discovered loci will further improve the understanding of glycemic control.
Common variants associated with plasma triglycerides and risk for coronary artery disease
It is suggested that triglyceride-rich lipoproteins causally influence risk for CAD, and the strength of a polymorphism's effect on triglyceride levels is correlated with the magnitude of its effect on CAD risk.
A genome-wide approach accounting for body mass index identifies genetic variants influencing fasting glycemic traits and insulin resistance
Six previously unknown loci associated with fasting insulin at P < 5 × 10−8 in combined discovery and follow-up analyses of 52 studies comprising up to 96,496 non-diabetic individuals are presented.
Physical Activity Attenuates the Influence of FTO Variants on Obesity Risk: A Meta-Analysis of 218,166 Adults and 19,268 Children
A fairly substantial attenuation by physical activity on the effects of this genetic variant on the risk of obesity in adults is reported.