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Diversity in in-group bias: structural factors, situational features, and social functions.
As predicted, identity expression via in-group bias on symbolic measures was most important for stable, high-status groups and material in- group bias for instrumental motives was most prevalent in unstable, low- status groups but only when communicating with in-groups members. Expand
Seeing one thing and doing another: Contrast effects in automatic behavior.
Research on automatic behavior demonstrates the ability of stereotypes to elicit stereotype-consistent behavior. Social judgment research proposes that whereas traits and stereotypes elicitExpand
When the pressure is up: The assessment of social identity threat in low and high status groups
The hypothesis was tested that whereas members of a low status group show a physiological threat response when evaluating a performance situation on the basis of the status quo, members of highExpand
Turning social identity threat into challenge: Status stability and cardiovascular reactivity during inter-group competition
Abstract The current research examined the occurrence of threat and challenge in low and high status groups resulting from the stability of inter-group status differences during an inter-groupExpand
Social identity theory
According to social identity theory, people derive part of their identity – their social identity – from the groups to which they belong (e.g., an identity as “student,” “woman,” “left-hander,” orExpand
Suffering from the possibility of status loss: Physiological responses to social identity threat in high status groups.
In this research, we examine the emergence of social identity threat among members of high status groups, by assessing physiological responses to threat in addition to more traditional (self-report)Expand
The threat vs. challenge of car parking for women: How self- and group affirmation affect cardiovascular responses
This study examines cardiovascular responses indicating challenge (vs. threat) during motivated performance of women under social identity threat. Low gender identified women should primarily beExpand
If we have the will, there will be a way: regulatory focus as a group identity
Based on social identity theory and regulatory focus theory, we predicted that promotion and prevention strategies can be part of the identity of a group (i.e., collective regulatory focus) which inExpand
Task conflict, information processing, and decision-making: The damaging effect of relationship conflict
A popular theoretical assumption holds that task-related disagreements stimulate critical thinking, and thus may improve group decision making. Two recent meta-analyses showed, however, that taskExpand