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Low-Pass DNA Sequencing of 1200 Sardinians Reconstructs European Y-Chromosome Phylogeny
TLDR
A putative age for coalescence of ~180,000 to 200,000 years ago is calculated, which is consistent with previous mitochondrial DNA–based estimates and indicates the presumptive timing of coalescence with other human populations.
Mitochondrial haplogroup U5b3: a distant echo of the epipaleolithic in Italy and the legacy of the early Sardinians.
TLDR
It is shown, through phylogeographic analyses of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation performed at the highest level of molecular resolution, that the most likely homeland for U5b3-a haplogroup present at a very low frequency across Europe-was the Italian Peninsula.
Population structure of the Monocelis lineata (Proseriata, Monocelididae) species complex assessed by phylogenetic analysis of the mitochondrial Cytochrome c Oxidase subunit I (COI) gene
TLDR
The dendrogram generated by Neighbor-Joining analysis confirmed the differentiation between Atlantic and Mediterranean siblings, as well as the occurrence of at least two Mediterranean sibling species.
Genetic characterization of Fasciola hepatica from Tunisia and Algeria based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences
TLDR
This is the first molecular characterization of F. hepatica in North Africa which provides a foundation for further studies on Fasciola spp.
Patterns of spatial genetic structuring in the endangered limpet Patella ferruginea: implications for the conservation of a Mediterranean endemic
TLDR
The ISSR results suggest that, on a regional scale, the genetic structure of P. ferruginea is mainly determined by the restriction of gene flow by dispersal barriers and human harvesting may play a crucial role in population structuring by increasing the effect of genetic drift.
Genetic variability in the Sardinian population of the manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum
TLDR
The results indicated that R. philippinarum is rapidly colonizing the Gulf of Olbia and the neighboring areas, which is likely favored by its high potential for dispersal.
Mitochondrial DNA lineages of Italian Giara and Sarcidano horses.
TLDR
To determine the genetic structure and evolutionary history of these 2 Sardinian breeds, the first hypervariable segment of the mitochondrial DNA was sequenced and analyzed in 40 Giara and Sarcidano horses and compared with publicly available mtDNA data from 43 Old World breeds.
The genus Alpioniscus Racovitza, 1908 in Sardinia: taxonomy and natural history (Isopoda, Oniscidea, Trichoniscidae)
TLDR
With the new species, the genus Alpioniscus in Sardinia comprises six species: two troglobionts (A.kuehni, A.stochi, and A.sideralis).
DNA barcoding of marine fishes from Saudi Arabian waters of the Gulf
TLDR
The DNA barcoding database developed during this study will help ichthyologists to identify and resolve the taxonomic ambiguities they may encounter with the fishes occurring in The Gulf and throughout the region.
MTHFR, XRCC1 and OGG1 genetic polymorphisms in breast cancer: a case-control study in a population from North Sardinia
TLDR
Based on genetic characteristics of individuals included in this study, results suggest that MTHFR CT and OGG1 Cys / Cys genotypes have a protective effect that may have an influence on breast cancer risk in a representative Northern Sardinian population.
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