• Publications
  • Influence
Autobiographical Memory
Our autobiographical memory contains memories of events that have occurred during the course of our lifetime. It can be divided into episodic and semantic memories. Our episodic memories help us
A Tale of Three Functions: The Self-Reported Uses of Autobiographical Memory.
Abstract Theories hold that autobiographical memory serves several broad functions (directive, self, and social). In the current study, items were derived from the theoretical literature to create
Cultural life scripts structure recall from autobiographical memory
Three classes of evidence demonstrate the existence of life scripts, or culturally shared representations of the timing of major transitional life events, and provide an alternative explanation of the reminiscence bump.
Confidence, Not Consistency, Characterizes Flashbulb Memories
Initial visceral emotion ratings correlated with later belief in accuracy, but not consistency, for flashbulb memories, and predicted later posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms.
When a trauma becomes a key to identity: Enhanced integration of trauma memories predicts posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms
The Centrality of Event Scale (CES) measures the extent to which a traumatic memory forms a central component of personal identity, a turning point in the life story and a reference point for
Belief and recollection of autobiographical memories
It was found that highly relived memories almost always had strong visual images and thatremember/know judgments made on autobiographical memories were more closely related to belief than to recollection.
Activation in mesolimbic and visuospatial neural circuits elicited by smoking cues: evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging.
In nicotine-deprived smokers, both reward and attention circuits were activated by exposure to smoking-related images, and in most subject groups showed greater activation following presentation of rare target images than after exposure to neutral images.
Emotionally charged autobiographical memories across the life span: the recall of happy, sad, traumatic, and involuntary memories.
Life scripts favoring positive events in young adulthood can account for the findings, and standard accounts of the bump need to be modified by repression or reduced rehearsal of negative events due to life change or social censure.
One Hundred Years of Forgetting : A Quantitative Description of Retention
A sample of 210 published data sets were assembled that (a) plotted amount remembered versus time, (b) had 5 or more points, and ( c j were smooth enough to fit at least 1 of the functions tested