The Effect of New Zealand Kanuka, Manuka and Clover Honeys on Bacterial Growth Dynamics and Cellular Morphology Varies According to the Species
While the general trend in effectiveness of growth inhibition was manuka>manuka-kanuka blend>kanuka>clover, the honeys had varying and diverse effects on the growth and cellular morphology of each bacterium, and each organism had a unique response profile to these honeys.
Modulation of the microbial fermentation in the gut by fermentable carbohydrates
Prevotella enzymes involved in mucin oligosaccharide degradation and evidence for a small operon of genes expressed during growth on mucin.
Northern and Western analyses showed that expression of this short operon of three genes is increased during growth on mucin, and two putative genes identified which are likely to be coexpressed with this sulfatase, though their activities are unknown.
Arabinogalactan proteins contribute to the immunostimulatory properties of New Zealand honeys
- Swapna Gannabathula, M. Skinner, R. Schlothauer
- Biology, MedicineImmunopharmacology and immunotoxicology
- 10 July 2012
It is proposed that the immunostimulatory properties of individual honeys relate to their particular content of LPS, apalbumins, the 5.8 kDa component and AGPs, which are particularly dependent on AGPs derived from the nectar of kanuka flowers.
In vitro Utilization of Gold and Green Kiwifruit Oligosaccharides by Human Gut Microbial Populations
It is suggested that whole kiwifruit may modulate human gut microbial composition and metabolism to produce metabolites conducive to increased bifidobacteria-host association.
In Vivo Assessment of Resistant Starch Degradation by the Caecal Microbiota of Mice Using RNA-Based Stable Isotope Probing—A Proof-of-Principle Study
Insight is provided into the metabolic transformation of RS by intestinal bacterial communities directly within a gut ecosystem, which will finally help to better understand its prebiotic potential and possible applications in human health.
RNA-Based Stable Isotope Probing Suggests Allobaculum spp. as Particularly Active Glucose Assimilators in a Complex Murine Microbiota Cultured In Vitro
RNA-SIP combined with metabolic profiling of 13C-labeled products allowed insights into the microbial assimilation of a general model substrate, demonstrating the appropriateness of this technology to study assimilation processes of nutritionally more relevant substrates in the gut microbiota of mice as a model system.
Addition of plant dietary fibre to a raw red meat high protein, high fat diet, alters the faecal bacteriome and organic acid profiles of the domestic cat (Felis catus)
It is shown that diets of different macronutrient proportions can strongly influence the faecal microbiome composition and metabolism, as shown by altered organic acid concentrations andFaecal pH, in the domestic cat.
Modification of the colonic microbiota.
Genomic insights from Monoglobus pectinilyticus: a pectin-degrading specialist bacterium in the human colon
This strain occupies a new ecological niche for a primary degrader specialized in foraging a habitually consumed plant glycan, thereby enriching the understanding of the diverse community profile of the HGM.