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Distributed practice in verbal recall tasks: A review and quantitative synthesis.
The authors performed a meta-analysis of the distributed practice effect to illuminate the effects of temporal variables that have been neglected in previous reviews. This review found 839Expand
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Learning Styles
The term “learning styles” refers to the concept that individuals differ in regard to what mode of instruction or study is most effective for them. Proponents of learning-style assessment contendExpand
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Spacing Effects in Learning
To achieve enduring retention, people must usually study information on multiple occasions. How does the timing of study events affect retention? Prior research has examined this issue only in aExpand
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When does feedback facilitate learning of words?
Some researchers have suggested that although feedback may enhance performance during associative learning, it does so at the expense of later retention. To examine this issue, subjects (N = 258)Expand
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Optimizing distributed practice: theoretical analysis and practical implications.
We examined the effects of gap on retention of foreign vocabulary, facts, and names of visual objects, with test delays up to 6 months. Expand
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Analyzing the dynamics of free recall: An integrative review of the empirical literature
Relatively few experiments have measured the time course of free recall from episodic or semantic memory. Of those that have, most report that cumulative recall is a negatively acceleratedExpand
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The shuffling of mathematics problems improves learning
In most mathematics textbooks, each set of practice problems is comprised almost entirely of problems corresponding to the immediately previous lesson. Expand
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The effects of overlearning and distributed practise on the retention of mathematics knowledge
In two experiments, 216 college students learned to solve one kind of mathematics problem before completing one of various practise schedules. In Experiment 1, students either massed 10 problems in aExpand
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Proactive interference and the dynamics of free recall.
Proactive interference (PI) has long been recognized as a major cause of forgetting. We conducted two experiments that offer another look at the subject by providing a detailed analysis of recallExpand
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Tests enhance the transfer of learning.
Numerous learning studies have shown that if the period of time devoted to studying information (e.g., casa-house) includes at least 1 test (casa-?), performance on a final test is improved-a findingExpand
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