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Glomalean fungi from the Ordovician.
Fossilized fungal hyphae and spores from the Ordovician of Wisconsin strongly resemble modern arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomales, Zygomycetes), indicating that Glomales-like fungi were present at a time when the land flora most likely only consisted of plants on the bryophytic level. Expand
Specific PCR primers to identify arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi within colonized roots
Abstract A set of PCR primers targeted at five major phylogenetic subgroups of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomales) was designed to facilitate specific amplification of internal transcribedExpand
Communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in arable soils are not necessarily low in diversity
Data show that the diversity of AMF is not always low in arable soils, and suggests that low‐input agriculture involving crop rotation may provide better conditions to preserve AMF diversity, by preventing the selection for the few AMF taxa tolerating high nutrient levels. Expand
An evidence-based consensus for the classification of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota)
This study is the outcome, wherein the classification of Glomeromycota is revised by rejecting some new names on the grounds that they are founded in error and by synonymizing others that, while validly published, are not evidence-based. Expand
Epiparasitic plants specialized on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
It is shown that non-photosynthetic plants associate with AMF and can display the characteristic specificity of epiparasites, which suggests that AMF mediate significant inter-plant carbon transfer in nature. Expand
Ancestral lineages of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomales).
Using new and existing 18S rRNA sequence data, we show that at least five species of glomalean fungi lie outside the previously defined families and diverged very early in the evolution of thatExpand
Two new families of Glomales, Archaeosporaceae and Paraglomaceae, with two new genera Archaeospora and Paraglomus, based on concordant molecular and morphological characters
It is the combination of DNA sequences, fatty acid profiles, immunological reactions against specific monoclonal antibodies, and mycorrhizal morphology which provides the basis for recognizing Archaeospora and Paraglomus. Expand
Agroecology: the key role of arbuscular mycorrhizas in ecosystem services
The present review highlights the key role that the AM symbiosis can play as an ecosystem service provider to guarantee plant productivity and quality in emerging systems of sustainable agriculture. Expand
Small genets of Lactarius xanthogalactus, Russula cremoricolor and Amanita francheti in late‐stage ectomycorrhizal successions
The results suggest that spore propagation plays a much more important role in the life history of the Russulaceae in undisturbed forest settings than previously recognized. Expand
Sebacinales Everywhere: Previously Overlooked Ubiquitous Fungal Endophytes
Using DNA-based detection and electron microscopy, data suggest that the multitude of mycorrhizal interactions in Sebacinales may have arisen from an ancestral endophytic habit by specialization, and may be a previously unrecognized universal hidden force in plant ecosystems. Expand