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Large-scale forest girdling shows that current photosynthesis drives soil respiration
TLDR
Girdling reduced soil respiration within 1–2 months by about 54% relative to respiration on ungirdled control plots, and that decreases of up to 37% were detected within 5 days, which clearly show that the flux of current assimilates to roots is a key driver of soil resppiration.
Mycorrhizas in ecosystems
  • D. Read
  • Environmental Science
    Experientia
  • 1 April 1991
TLDR
It is concluded that knowledge of the full range of functions of each mycorrhizal type is essential for an understanding of the distribution and dynamics of the ecosystem in which it predominates.
Mycorrhizas and nutrient cycling in ecosystems - a journey towards relevance?
TLDR
The results support the hypothesis that selection has favoured ericoid and ectomycorrhizal systems with well developed saprotrophic capabilities in those ecosystems characterized by retention of N and P as organic complexes in the soil.
Changing partners in the dark: isotopic and molecular evidence of ectomycorrhizal liaisons between forest orchids and trees
TLDR
These findings represent a major shift in the understanding of both orchid ecology and evolution because they explain how orchids can thrive in low–irradiance niches and they show that a shift to exploiting ectomycorrhizal fungi precedes viable losses of photosynthetic ability in orchid lineages.
Networks of power and influence: the role of mycorrhizal mycelium in controlling plant communities and agroecosystem functioning
TLDR
The potential contribution of extraradical mycorrhizal mycelium to sustainable agriculture and maintenance of biodiversity is assessed and technologies that promise new vistas and improved fine-scale resolution of the dynamic spatial and temporal functioning of these networks in soil are highlighted.
Symbiotic fungal associations in 'lower' land plants.
TLDR
An analysis of the current state of knowledge of symbiotic fungal associations in 'lower' plants is provided and it is shown, probably for the first time, that glomalean fungi forming typical VA mycorrhiza with a higher plant can colonize a thalloid liverwort, producing arbuscules and vesicles in the hepatic.
Mycorrhizal fungi as drivers of ecosystem processes in heathland and boreal forest biomes
TLDR
What unites mycorrhizas in heathland and boreal forest biomes is their apparent affinity for acidic organic soils of inherently low accessibility of the major nutrients nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P).
Towards a more plant physiological perspective on soil ecology.
Floristic diversity in a model system using experimental microcosms
TLDR
This paper describes an alternative research strategy in which communities were allowed to develop in turf microcosms providing factorial combinations of soil heterogeneity, grazing and mycorrhizal infection, all of which are capable in theory of promoting diversity.
Epiparasitic plants specialized on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
TLDR
It is shown that non-photosynthetic plants associate with AMF and can display the characteristic specificity of epiparasites, which suggests that AMF mediate significant inter-plant carbon transfer in nature.
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