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Mindblindness. An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind Simon Baron-Cohen…
Folk physics for apes : the chimpanzee's theory of how the world works
- D. Povinelli
- Physics, Education
An initial word about 'folk physics' Preface 1. Folk physics cannot be assumed 2. Escaping the argument by analogy 3. Causality, tool use, and folk physics: a comparative approach 4. The trap-tube…
Darwin's mistake: Explaining the discontinuity between human and nonhuman minds
It is suggested that recent symbolic-connectionist models of cognition shed new light on the mechanisms that underlie the gap between human and nonhuman minds.
What young chimpanzees know about seeing.
The findings provide little evidence that young chimpanzees understand seeing as a mental event and demonstrate that, even though young chimpanzee subjects spontaneously attend to and follow the visual gaze of others, they simultaneously appear oblivious to the attentional significance of that gaze.
Chimpanzees: Joint Visual Attention
Experimental results that chimpanzees display the effect in response to both movement of the head and eyes in concert and eye movement alone are reported, indicating that this capacity may have arisen because of its reproductive payoffs in the context of social competition with conspecifics, predation avoidance, or both.
Chimpanzees are indifferent to the welfare of unrelated group members
Experimental tests of the existence of other-regarding preferences in non-human primates are presented and it is shown that chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) do not take advantage of opportunities to deliver benefits to familiar individuals at no material cost to themselves, suggesting that chimpanzee behaviour is not motivated by other- Regarding preferences.
Chimpanzee minds: suspiciously human?
Self-recognition in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): distribution, ontogeny, and patterns of emergence.
- D. Povinelli, A. B. Rulf, K. Landau, D. T. Bierschwale
- PsychologyJournal of comparative psychology
Results suggest that SR typically emerges at 4.5-8 years of age, at the population level the capacity declines in adulthood, and in group settings SR typically occurs within minutes of a subject's exposure to a mirror.
On the lack of evidence that non-human animals possess anything remotely resembling a ‘theory of mind’
- Derek C. Penn, D. Povinelli
- PsychologyPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B…
- 29 April 2007
After decades of effort by some of our brightest human and non-human minds, there is still little consensus on whether or not non-human animals understand anything about the unobservable mental…