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Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990–2013: quantifying the epidemiological
TLDR
Patterns of the epidemiological transition with a composite indicator of sociodemographic status, which was constructed from income per person, average years of schooling after age 15 years, and the total fertility rate and mean age of the population, were quantified. Expand
Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global
TLDR
The results can guide future health initiatives through examination of epidemiological trends and a better understanding of variation across countries. Expand
Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic
TLDR
The challenge for governments and the health development community more broadly is to heed knowledge about the comparative effect of health risks, according to the World Health Organization. Expand
Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic
TLDR
The Global Burden of Disease, Injuries, and Risk Factor study 2013 is the first of a series of annual updates of the GBD and six new risk factors have been added: handwashing practices, occupational exposure to trichloroethylene, childhood wasting, childhood stunting, unsafe sex, and low glomerular filtration rate. Expand
Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013
TLDR
The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 estimated yearly deaths for 188 countries between 1990, and 2013 and computed two measures of convergence (inequality) across countries: the average relative difference across all pairs of countries (Gini coefficient) and the average absolute difference across countries. Expand
Global, regional, and national levels and causes of maternal mortality during 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013
TLDR
Global rates of change suggest that only 16 countries will achieve the MDG 5 target by 2015, with evidence of continued acceleration in the MMR, and MMR was highest in the oldest age groups in both 1990 and 2013. Expand
Outcomes of ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion in Sub-Saharan Africa.
TLDR
Despite limited resources, VP shunt procedures can be carried out in Sub-Saharan Africa with acceptable complication rates and fair long-term outcomes, and factors correlated with good and/or poor outcomes are identified. Expand
Why are women deterred from general surgery training?
TLDR
Both real and perceived barriers may deter women from a career in GS, and real barriers include sex-based discrimination and a lack of female role models in GS. Expand
A new prognostic classification for esophageal atresia.
TLDR
This new "Montreal classification" can simplify and improve the stratification of patients with esophageal atresia and reflects the more favorable outcome of low birth weight neonates. Expand
Cost factors in Canadian pediatric trauma.
TLDR
The cost of pediatric trauma in Canada can be predicted from admission data and trauma scores, and the cost of extremity injuries is significant and can be predicting by the PTS but not the ISS. Expand
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