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Phytoliths: A Comprehensive Guide for Archaeologists and Paleoecologists
1 The Production, Deposition, and Dissolution of Phytoliths 2 Phytolith Morphology 3 Phytoliths in Domesticated Plants and Their Wild Ancestors 4 Field Techniques and Research Design 5 LaboratoryExpand
The Origins of Agriculture in the Lowland Neotropics
Background of Tropical Agricultural Origins. The Neotropical Ecosystem in the Present and the Past. The Phytogeography of Neotropical Crops and Their Putative wild Ancestors. The Evolution ofExpand
Starch grain and phytolith evidence for early ninth millennium B.P. maize from the Central Balsas River Valley, Mexico
Questions that still surround the origin and early dispersals of maize (Zea mays L.) result in large part from the absence of information on its early history from the Balsas River Valley of tropicalExpand
Phylogenetic relationships among domesticated and wild species of Cucurbita (Cucurbitaceae) inferred from a mitochondrial gene: Implications for crop plant evolution and areas of origin
This study represents one of the first successful uses of a mtDNA gene in resolving inter- and intraspecific taxonomic relationships in Angiosperms and yields several important insights into the origins of domesticated Cucurbita. Expand
Current perspectives and the future of domestication studies
It is argued that although recent progress has been impressive, the next decade will yield even more substantial insights not only into how domestication took place, but also when and where it did, and where and why it did not. Expand
Early Agriculture in the Maya Lowlands
Wetland research in northern Belize provides the earliest evidence for development of agriculture in the Maya Lowlands. Pollen data confirm the introduction of maize and manioc before 3000 B.C.Expand
Microfossils in calculus demonstrate consumption of plants and cooked foods in Neanderthal diets (Shanidar III, Iraq; Spy I and II, Belgium)
Direct evidence is reported for Neanderthal consumption of a variety of plant foods, in the form of phytoliths and starch grains recovered from dental calculus of Neanderthal skeletons from Shanidar Cave, Iraq, and Spy Cave, Belgium, suggesting an overall sophistication in Neanderthal dietary regimes. Expand
The earliest archaeological maize (Zea mays L.) from highland Mexico: new accelerator mass spectrometry dates and their implications.
Results suggest that the cultural practices that led to Zea domestication probably occurred elsewhere in Mexico, and Guilá Naquitz Cave has now yielded the earliest macrofossil evidence for the domestication of two major American crop plants, squash and maize. Expand
The Origins of Plant Cultivation and Domestication in the New World Tropics
  • D. Piperno
  • History
  • Current Anthropology
  • 4 August 2011
The New World tropical forest is now considered to be an early and independent cradle of agriculture. As in other areas of the world, our understanding of this issue has been significantly advancedExpand