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The Mark of a Criminal Record1
- D. Pager
- LawAmerican Journal of Sociology
- 1 March 2003
The findings of this study reveal an important, and much underrecognized, mechanism of stratification in the criminal justice system, which presents a major barrier to employment, with important implications for racial disparities.
The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets.
This discussion seeks to orient readers to some of the key debates in the study of discrimination and to provide a roadmap for those interested in building upon this long and important line of research.
The mark of a criminal record
- D. Pager
Over the past three decades, the number of prison inmates has increased by more than 500 percent, leaving the United States the country with the highest incarceration rate in the world. With over two…
Black Neighbors, Higher Crime? The Role of Racial Stereotypes in Evaluations of Neighborhood Crime1
This article investigates the relationship between neighborhood racial composition and perceptions residents have of their neighborhood’s level of crime. The study uses questions about perceptions of…
The Use of Field Experiments for Studies of Employment Discrimination: Contributions, Critiques, and Directions for the Future
- D. Pager
- 1 January 2007
Have we conquered the problems of racial discrimination? Or have acts of discrimination become too subtle and covert for detection? This discussion serves to situate current debates about…
Discrimination in a Low-Wage Labor Market
A field experiment in the low-wage labor market of New York City recruiting white, black, and Latino job applicants who were matched on demographic characteristics and interpersonal skills shows that black applicants were half as likely as equally qualified whites to receive a callback or job offer.
Walking the Talk? What Employers Say Versus What They Do
This article considers the relationship between employers' attitudes toward hiring exoffenders and their actual hiring behavior. Using data from an experimental audit study of entry-level jobs…
The Structure of Disadvantage: Individual and Occupational Determinants of the Black-White Wage Gap
This study is motivated by the idea that the racial gap in earnings is generated not only by individual differences but also by systematic variation in the occupational structure that attenuates or…
Sequencing Disadvantage: Barriers to Employment Facing Young Black and White Men with Criminal Records
- D. Pager, B. Western, Naomi F. Sugie
- LawThe Annals of the American Academy of Political…
- 15 April 2009
The authors find a significant negative effect of a criminal record on employment outcomes that appears substantially larger for African Americans and employers' general reluctance to discuss the criminal record of an applicant appears especially harmful for black ex-offenders.
Marked: Race, Crime, and Finding Work in an Era of Mass Incarceration
- D. Pager
Nearly every job application asks it: have you ever been convicted of a crime? For the hundreds of thousands of young men leaving American prisons each year, their answer to that question may…