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A prospective randomised longitudinal MRI study of left ventricular adaptation to endurance and resistance exercise training in humans
TLDR
This is the first study, to the authors' knowledge, to use cardiac MRI before and after intensive and closely supervised resistance and endurance exercise training in humans, and the findings suggest that concept of ‘concentric’ and ‘eccentric’ adaptation of the heart may need to be reconsidered.
Changes in vascular and cardiac function after prolonged strenuous exercise in humans.
TLDR
Data from the present study suggest a transient depression in cardiac and leg vascular function following prolonged intensive exercise.
Diverse patterns of myocardial fibrosis in lifelong, veteran endurance athletes.
TLDR
An unexpectedly high prevalence of myocardial fibrosis was observed in healthy, asymptomatic, lifelong veteran male athletes, compared with zero cases in age-matched veteran controls and young athletes, suggesting a link between lifelong endurance exercise and myocardia fibrosis that requires further investigation.
Mitral annular myocardial velocity assessment of segmental left ventricular diastolic function after prolonged exercise in humans
TLDR
The lack of change in E/E′ from pre‐ to post‐race suggests that the depression in diastolic function is likely to be due to altered relaxation of the left ventricle; however, the exact aetiology of this change remains to be determined.
Systematic review and meta-analysis of training mode, imaging modality and body size influences on the morphology and function of the male athlete's heart
TLDR
Morphological features of the male AH were noted in both athlete groups and Meta-analysis regression models demonstrated positive and significant associations between body surface area (BSA) and LV mass, RV mass and LA diameter.
Echocardiographic assessment of pulmonary hypertension: a guideline protocol from the British Society of Echocardiography
TLDR
This guideline protocol aims to outline a practical approach to assessing the probability of pulmonary hypertension using echocardiography and should be used in conjunction with the previously published minimum dataset for a standard transthoracic eChocardiogram.
“Exercise‐Induced Cardiac Fatigue”—A Review of the Echocardiographic Literature
There is growing evidence to support the suggestion that prolonged strenuous exercise has a negative impact on left and right ventricular function during recovery. The main body of evidence covers a
Outcomes of Cardiac Screening in Adolescent Soccer Players
TLDR
The incidence of sudden cardiac death among previously screened adolescent soccer players was 1 per 14,794 person‐years, or 6.8 per 100,000 athletes; most of these deaths were due to cardiomyopathies that had not been detected on screening.
Impact of marathon running on cardiac structure and function in recreational runners.
TLDR
A reduction in diastolic function was demonstrated and widespread evidence of minimal cardiac damage following a marathon in recreational runners, and the mechanism(s) underpinning the altered function and appearance of cTnT appear unrelated to reactive oxygen species.
Physiological Right Ventricular Adaptation in Elite Athletes of African and Afro-Caribbean Origin
TLDR
Physiological RV enlargement is commonly observed in both black and white athletes, and the potential for erroneous diagnosis of arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy is considerably greater in this ethnic group.
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